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Bên cạnh dạng process, map cũng là một dạng ít gặp trong Writing Task 1. Tuy nhiên, đây cũng là một dạng có thể xuất hiện trong bài thi IELTS và làm khó các em ít nhiều. Dưới đây là một số bài mẫu của dạng map mà bạn có thể tham khảo để đạt target cao.

Bên cạnh đó, các em tham khảo thêm bài hướng dẫn từ A-Z dạng bài bản đồ MAP của IELTS TUTOR để nắm chắc kiến thức.

Bài 1: The village of Stokeford

The village of Stokeford

The maps indicate several significant changes in Stokeford village during a period of 80 years.

Overall, it is noticeable that the the number of houses increased dramatically, while the lands for agricultural purposes vanished.

In 1930, there were a few houses on both sides of the only road which ran through the middle of the village of Stokeford. By 2010, the local shops had disappeared and only the Post Office remained. (*) The two areas of farmland to the north-east and south-west of the village were converted into residential areas. Over the same period, more streets were built, leading off the main road to give access to additional housing. Housing was also extended along the main road.

In addition, the local primary school opposite the Post Office was enlarged with 2 new blocks. Gardens formed the centre of the village in 1930, but by 2010 more houses had been built on this site and the large house within the grounds was extended to become a retirement home.

Bài 2: An island

An island

The maps compare a small island before and after the developments carried out for tourism purposes.

Overall, it is clear that accommodation and other facilities for tourists were built and that a pier was constructed to permit access to the island by boat.

The island was originally completely undeveloped. A number of trees occupied the northern and southern parts. In the central part of the island, two separate accommodation areas were then built, consisting of simple huts arranged round a circular footpath. A reception area and restaurant were located in the centre of these two areas. Another footpath was constructed, leading to the beach on the western edge of the island and an area there for tourists to swim.

Access to the island was made possible by the construction of a pier, for tourists to land safely by boat. A vehicle track then connected the pier with the reception area. The vehicle track wound round the reception area and continued a very short distance to the restaurant.

Bài 3: The town of Canterbury

The town of Canterbury

The map shows two potential locations (S1 and S2) for a new school in a town called Canterbury.

Overall, the main difference between the proposed sites is that S1 lies in the countryside just to the east of the town, while S2 is in the heart of the city. S1 is the only location which can be accessed by a main road.

S2 has the advantage of being surrounded by housing and hence conveniently situated for a potentially large number of pupils. S1, in contrast, lies outside the housing area. Neither site can offer the advantage of the University site, which is within easy reach of the town and also borders on the countryside.

There are main roads from Sturry and Chartham to Canterbury town centre, however there is a central no traffic zone, which is safer for pupils but also makes it impossible to reach S2 by car. The town of Sturry is only 5 kilometres from S1 along a main road. S2 is more conveniently sited for the population of the smaller town of Chartham and is again accessible by a main road.

Bài 4: Map of the city of Brandfield

Map of the city of Brandfield

The map shows two potential locations (S1 and S2) for a new shopping mall in Brandfield. S1 is in the north of the city, while S2 is located in the south-east. The proposed site S1 has the advantage of proximity to the housing estate and to the city centre.

As site S1 is situated between the housing estate and the city centre, this means that the mall would be within easy reach of a large number of potential customers. An existing road and railway line already pass near the planned location.

A golf course and park occupies the west of Brandfield and a river passes through the city centre. However, neither of these features affect the proposed sites. Although S2 is also conveniently situated near the city centre, it borders on an industrial estate. It is relatively far from the housing area, even though there is a connecting road and railway, and another road also provides access to this site.

Bài 5: Sharton Village

Sharton Village

The maps illustrate the transformation of a village called Shalton between 1910 and 2010.

Overall, it is clear that the village grew in size and some traditional shops disappeared and were replaced by a supermarket.

The most obvious change was in the number of houses. In 1910, a large house surrounded by trees occupied the center of the village. By 2010, this house had been demolished and in its place a small housing estate was built with access off London Road. While there were only a few houses on London Road and High Road in 1910, the number of houses increased considerably over the next 100 years. The school, however, remained at the junction of School Road and High Road.

In terms of shops and services, the traditional butcher and grocery shops on School Road and High Road in 1910 no longer existed 100 years later. A supermarket and car park occupied the site of the butcher shop, and a cafe was sited where the grocery shop used to be. On the vacant land next to the supermarket, the 2010 map shows a bank, although the Post Office remained at the top of London Road.

Bài 6: Layout of a library

Layout of a library

The diagrams compare a school library five years ago with its present layout.

Overall, it is clear that today there are desks provided for students to use their laptops. In addition, tables for private study have now replaced shared studying tables.

Five years ago, four large studying tables occupied the centre of the library, but now 36 individual study tables, arranged in 6 groups, now take up this space. The bookshelves shown at the top of the old plan still remain today. However, the bookshelves at the bottom of the library plan five years ago have been replaced by desks for students’ laptops. There are also extra desks for students’ laptops today, in the place formerly occupied by computer desks.

The library office of five years ago is now a conference room. There have also been changes on the left side of the plans. Today, a recording studio has replaced a classroom and, while the borrowing and returning areas have been retained, they are now separated. The meeting room between these areas, however, is still in the same place.

Bài 7: Development of an area past, present, future

Development of an area past, present, future

The maps illustrate the growth of an area from 1965 to the present.

Overall, it is clear that more housing has been built and a road bridge now links the area to the city, replacing a ferry to cross the river.

In 1965, there were only a few houses to the east of the river. Today, however, many more houses and apartments have been constructed, expanding the original housing site along the riverside. To the south of the new road bridge, some more houses have been added.

Replacing the winding road and ferry, a straight road bridge now crosses the river. To the west of the river, trees have been cut down to make way for a large riverside car park. To the east, a smaller car park is now sited at the end of the old road in the middle of the housing.

Further developments are planned for 2018, providing a footbridge just south of the road bridge, and another car parking area next to a yacht marina, both to be sited south –east of the footbridge.

Bài 8: Changes of a village in 1995 and now

Changes of a village in 1995 and now

The maps illustrate the changes which have taken place in a village, comparing 1995 with the present.

Overall, it is clear that the farmland and forest park have now been replaced by a golf course and tennis facilities. The old fishing port and fish market have given way to apartments on the sea front.

More housing now lines the main road which runs north from the sea front, with the additional opening of a new road branching off to the west. New apartments along the sea front provide extra accommodation, on the site of the fish market in 1995. The fishing port which existed in 1995 has disappeared completely. On the opposite side of the road to the new apartments, a restaurant has taken the place of the shops.

Along the sea front the café still exists, but a car park has been added to the hotel since 1995. However, the most striking development is in the eastern area, which was farmland and a forest park in 1995. This has been turned into a sports leisure complex for golf and tennis.

Bài 9: A coal mine before and after redevelopment as a visitor attraction

A coal mine before and after redevelopment as a visitor attraction

The diagrams illustrate the changes which took place when a coal mine was turned into an attraction for visitors.

Overall, it is clear that the former waste tips of the coal mine were removed, and a museum and café became significant parts of the redevelopment.

The entrance was retained, giving access underground. While the mine was in operation, this was used by the workers, but after the changes to the site, visitors used this entrance to go underground. One parking area was retained in the same place, at the bottom left of the diagrams.

On the site of the waste tips, a digging driving track and a picnic area were provided for visitors. The building for the board of directors and the adjacent car park were demolished to make way for a café, while the old offices and changing room for the mine workers became a museum. Finally, at the bottom of the plan of the visitor attraction, a lottery park and children’s play area were added to the site.

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