Bài 1: The amount of CO2 emissions
The bar chart compares the amount of CO2 emissions produced by four types of vehicles. The line graph shows the number of vehicles. Both diagrams refer to England and Wales for the period 2000 to 2020.
Overall, the chart indicates a rise in the emission of CO2 from cars, vans and trucks between these years. The graph shows that the number of vehicles on the road is expected to continue to increase sharply.
In 2000, CO2 emissions from cars was the highest figure at 20 tons. The emissions from trucks and vans was similar, at 15 and 13 tons respectively, whereas the emissions from buses totaled just 9 tons. By 2020, a rise in car emissions to over 25 tons of CO2 is forecast, with a smaller rise in emissions from trucks and vans. It is predicted that trucks will produce about 23 tons and vans will emit 15 tons. In contrast, the figure for CO2 emissions from buses will continue to be the lowest amount, remaining stable at 9 tons.
The number of road vehicles was 20 million in 2000. This increased rapidly to 50 million by 2015 and is expected to increase to 55 million by 2020.
Bài 2: Transport and car use in Edmonton
The pie chart shows four modes of transport in Edmonton and the percentage use of each by people living in the city. The table illustrates the reasons why the residents of Edmonton use their cars.
Overall, cars are used in preference to other means of transport. The principal reason why people use their cars in the city is commuting to work.
It is clear from the percentages shown in the pie chart, that travel by car is the highest figure, at 45%. This is followed by LRT at 35%, while travel by bus or taxi each represent only 10%.
The table compares five reasons why people use their cars in Edmonton. The reasons given relate mainly to work, with a figure of 55% for commuting and 45% for business. However, taking children to school is also high on the list, at 40%. Using the car for shopping is recorded at 15% and the same figure is given for leisure activities.
Bài 3: Sales of jeans in Turkey
The bar chart compares the estimated sales of jeans in thousands of pairs for two companies in Turkey next year. The pie chart illustrates the projected total market share.
The overall sales for both companies are forecast to grow. They are expected to be the market leaders for sales of jeans at the end of the coming year.
It is anticipated that sales of jeans by Mango will rise from 150,000 pairs in January to approximately 500,000 in August, even overtaking the sales of Jack and Jones in July and August. Sales will then peak at around 600,000 pairs in December. In contrast, it is estimated that the sales for Jack & Jones will begin the year at around 450,000 pairs, falling to about 250,000, before increasing to around 400,000 in June. Until August, sales are forecast to remain steady at this level, after which they are expected to rise steadily to hit a peak of approximately 900,000 pairs in December.
The pie chart shows that, at the end of next year, the anticipated market share for Mango and Jack & Jones is 20% and 30% respectively.
Bài 4: Water use and cost of water
The chart shows how many litres of water were consumed in households in 5 different countries, while the table compares the cost of water.
Overall, it is clear that domestic water use was highest in the US, while the cost of water was highest in France.
Domestic consumers used about 360 litres of water in the US, whereas households in Canada used slightly less at approximately 330 litres. Water use in the other countries was lower, with domestic users in Italy, France and Germany consuming 300, 250 and 210 litres of water respectively.
It is notable that water was cheapest in the US, where water consumption was the highest. Water cost just $0.01 per m3 in the US, and it was also cheap in Canada, at only $0.31 per m3. While the cost of water in Italy was still relatively low at $0.7 per m3, in Germany the cost was almost double that figure at $1.35 per m3. However, in France the cost of water was significantly higher at $2.1 per m3.
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