Bài 1: The worldwide market share of the mobile phone market
The table compares the leading mobile phone producers in terms of their share of the global market in 2005 and 2006.
Overall, it is clear that Nokia had the largest market share in both years. While the percentage of the market share of most companies fell between 2005 and 2006, that of Nokia, Motorola and Sony Ericsson rose.
Nokia was the leader in the global mobile phone market in 2005 and 2006. Its market share increased from 32.5% to 35%. Its nearest competitor, Motorola saw a significant rise in sales from 17.7% to 21.1% in this period. Sony Ericsson also increased its sales by just over 1% from 2005 to reach 7.4% in 2006.In contrast, the market share of Samsung decreased by almost 1% to 11.8% in 2006. L.G. sales also declined, from 6.7% in 2005 to 6.3% in 2006. The global market share of BenQ Mobile fell to just 2.4% in 2006, a decline of 2.5% from the previous year. Finally, there was a fall in the market share of other manufacturers by 3% to 16.2% in 2006.
Bài 2: Social and economic indicators for four countries
The table compares UN data on socio-economic indicators for Japan, Canada, Peru and Zaire in 1994.
Overall, it is clear that the figures for all four indicators were consistently higher in Canada and Japan. In addition, Zaire had the lowest figures for each of the indicators.
Annual income per person in Japan was $15760, considerably ahead of Canada with $11100. There was a dramatic gap then to Peru and Zaire, where the annual income per person was $160 and $130 respectively. In terms of life expectancy, this was similar in Japan [78 years] and Canada [76 years], but it was much lower in Peru [51 years] and just 47 years in Zaire.
Canada headed the table for daily calorie supply per person. The calory intake of 3326 compared with 2846 in Japan, 1927 in Peru and 1749 in Zaire. Whereas the adult literacy rate was almost 100% in Canada and Japan, only 68% of people in Peru and 34% of those in Zaire were literate.
Bài 3: The average annual expenditure of college students from three countries
The table compares the average annual expenditure of college students from 3 countries in terms of total costs and different living expenses.
Overall, the total expenditure of students in country A was higher than the spending of students in countries B and C. In all the countries, students spent the highest proportion of their budget on accommodation and food.
In country A, students spent a total of $5000 per year, compared with $4500 and $1500 for students in countries B and C respectively.
Accommodation accounted for 45% of the total spending of students in country A, while the proportions were lower for students in country B at 35%, and country C, at only 30%. However, in terms of food, the figure was highest for students in country C, at 36% of their total expenditure. Students in country C also spent a high percentage of their budget on books – 21%, compared with 9% for students in country B and just 3% for students in country A. Students in countries A and B spent 22% and 23% respectively of their budget on leisure, whereas students in country C spent only 12% of their total budget on this category.
Bài 4: Consumer spending on different items in five countries
The table compares the proportions of consumer expenditure in 3 different categories in Ireland, Italy, Spain, Sweden and Turkey in the year 2002.
Overall in that year, consumers in all these countries spent the highest percentage in these categories on food, drinks and tobacco. In each country, the lowest figures were for spending on leisure and education.
In terms of food, drinks and tobacco, the proportion spent was highest in Turkey and Ireland, at around 32% and 29% respectively. The expenditure by people in Sweden in this category was only about half the figure for Turkey. However, in terms of footwear and clothing, the percentage spending of Italian consumers was the highest figure, at 9%. In the other 4 countries, people spent a roughly similar proportion of their budget, between 5.5% and 7%, on footwear and clothes.
The figure of 4.35% in Turkey for expenditure on leisure and education, although low compared with the other categories, was still higher than the figures for the other countries. While consumers in Italy and Sweden spent only about 3.2% of their income on leisure and education, the proportions were even lower in Ireland and Spain, at about 2.2% and 2% respectively.
Bài 5: The percentage of pupils attending four secondary school
The table illustrates the percentage of school children who attended four different types of secondary school from 2000 to 2009.
It is evident that the percentage of pupils in specialist, grammar and voluntary-controlled schools declined, whereas community schools became the most important providers of secondary school education in this period.
The percentage of pupils attending grammar schools was 24% in 2000, but by 2009 this figure had halved. The most significant decrease, however, was in the proportion of children who went to voluntary controlled schools. These were the most popular type of school in 2000, with 52% of all pupils. This figure declined to 38% in 2005 and then to only 20% in 2009. Although the percentage of children attending specialist schools fell only slightly over this period, from 12% to 10%, this remained the lowest figure among the four types of school.
In contrast, only 12% of school children went to community schools in the year 2000, but this proportion rose significantly to 32% in 2005 and then to 58% in 2009. In that year, not only was this the highest attendance figure of the four types of schools, but also the percentage of pupils in community schools was higher than the combined percentage of children attending the other three types of secondary school.
Bài 6: Car uses of three countries from 2003 to 2009
The table compares the number of cars produced in three countries between 2003 and 2009.
Overall, it is clear that Thailand manufactured the highest number of cars throughout the period. However, Australia was the only country which saw a steady increase in car production in each of the years shown in the table.
In 2003, Australia produced 200,000 cars, half the number manufactured in Argentina. Production in Thailand stood at 700,000 cars. Production then saw a significant increase to almost 1,120,000 in Thailand in 2005, while in that year car manufacture doubled in Australia. In contrast, the number of cars made in Argentina fell dramatically to 200,000.
Car production in Argentina continued to decline, falling to about 160,000 by 2009. A fall in manufacturing from 2005 was also witnessed in Thailand, where the figure fell to just under 1 million at the end of the period, although Thailand remained the major car producer. However, the steady rise in car production continued in Australia, reaching a peak of 600,000 in 2009.
Bài 7: Urban residents’ opinion
The tables provide information on the findings of a survey of residents’ views on six different aspects of life in 1980 and 2010.
Overall, it is clear that residents considered that education and the environment were worse in 2010 than in 1980. In contrast, they thought that healthcare, the transport system and shops had all improved over the period.
In 1980, 82 people thought that education was good, compared with 76 in 2010. There was an increase in the number who considered education bad, from 6 in 1980 to 11 in 2010. The figures for the environment saw an even greater decline in approval, falling from 72 who thought it good in 1980 to 64 in 2010. While 65 residents believed accommodation to be good in 2010, compared with 56 in 1980, more residents also said that accommodation was bad in 2010, with fewer people holding a middle view.
Shops, healthcare and the transport system all witnessed an increase in approval from 1980 to 2010. The most dramatic rise was in the number of those who thought that healthcare was good, with the 2010 figure of 83 showing an increase of 19 over the number 30 years earlier.
Bài 8: Amount of waste production (in million of tonnes) in six different countrie
The table illustrates how much waste was produced in six different nations in 1980, 1990 and 2000.
Overall, it is clear that waste production in the USA far exceeded that of any other nation.
Over the period, the amount of waste generated increased in the majority of the countries. 131 million tonnes of rubbish were produced in the USA in 1980, and this figure increased to 151 million tonnes in 1990, before reaching a peak of 192 million tonnes in 2000. Although the figures for waste generation were much lower in Japan, there was also an increase over the period, almost doubling from 28 million tonnes in 1980 to a peak of 53 million tonnes in 2000.
In 1980, waste generation in Poland, Portugal and Ireland stood at 4, 2 and 0.6 million tonnes respectively. The figures increased to 6.6 million tonnes in Poland and 5 million tonnes in Portugal by 2000. No figures are shown for Ireland after 1980. Korea, in contrast, saw a significant decline in waste production, from 31 million tonnes in 1990 to 19 million tonnes ten years later.
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