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HƯỚNG DẪN TỪ A ĐẾN Z CÁCH LÀM DẠNG FLOWCHART IELTS LISTENING, KÈM BÀI TẬP

· Listening

Trong bài thi Listening có một dàng bài khó để đạt điểm tốt đa là dạng bài Flow-chart Completion, dạng này có thể xuất hiện ở Listening Section 2 hoặc 3. Dạng câu hỏi này đánh giá thí sinh khả năng lọc thông tin từ bài nghe và paraphase. Đây là một dạng tương tự như Gap filling, xuất hiện dưới dạng một biểu đồ, thông tin được đóng trong khung và được kết nối với nhau bằng dấu mũi tên hoặc đường kẻ. Khi nghe dạng bài này, thí sinh gặp khó khăn để nắm bắt thông tin. Trong bài viết này, mình sẽ cùng các bạn tìm hiểu kỹ về dạng bài này nhé !

Ngoài ra, Top 50 chiến thuật IELTS Listening đạt 8.0các dạng câu hỏi thường gặp trong IELTS Listening Section 4 sẽ giúp bạn nâng cao điểm số phần Listening cho bạn !

Chuyên đề 1:

Chuyên đề 2:

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Trên đây, mình đã hướng dẫn cho các bạn về dạng bài Flow-chart. Hy vọng bài viết này sẽ giúp bạn nghe tốt hơn và nâng cao điểm số của bạn. Nếu có thắc mắc hay góp ý, hãy để lại comment bên dưới, mình sẽ cố gắng trả lời nhanh nhất có thể. Chúc các bạn thành công !

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CHUYÊN ĐỀ 1:

31. C - (I suppose we traditionally think of the morning newspaper arriving on our doorstep with the daily news. Interestingly, this is not borne out by the statistics, which show that leadership in the US is much higher when people have time to relax, when they’re not working, especially on Sundays.)

- B không chính xác là vì (The Internet is also a popular weekend activity but shows no variation with weekday access) nghĩa là ngày trong tuần và ngày cuối tuần cũng như nhau

32. B (Interestingly, local radio has been hit less by the grip of quite strong local newspapers than by the Internet, which is seen to offer a better regional service)

33. C (Television has, of course, been global for a while (A không chính xác vì Television đã từng bao trùm (has been global) nhưng không phải bây giờ), but now technological changes, which have fueled the rise of online news, have also newspapers to print and distribute editions across the world.)

34. A (Often the sources are the online versions of the newspapers, whereas television, in order to offer something different, has had to come up with a much more mixed bag of reporting from hard news to light reports on celebrity events.)

35. A (Television, however, is seen as critical to political power (quan trọng với quyền lực chính trị, đại diện là chính phủ (government)) and has become subject to harsh controls about what it can or cannot say.)

CHUYÊN ĐỀ 2:

1. G (Well, the first room to our right is the General Astronomy one so we can make a start in there)

- Trước đó có nhắc đến (We’re in the 2nd floor and this is staircase one) do đó nhìn bên phải tức là phòng G.

2. A (Okay and opposite that is the Big Bang Theory) đối diện tức là phòng A

3. D (Then there is a room at the end that’s about Manned Spaceflight. We should finish there because there’s another staircase going up from that room) phòng cuối cùng có một cái cầu thang => phòng D

4. C (So what’s in the rooms on either side of the corridor before you get to the room at the end? Well two of them are closed today like the 2nd one on the left but the one next to it on the same side has got an exhibition about Space Exploration) tức là phòng thứ 2 phía bên trái bị đóng hôm nay là phòng B; phòng bên cạnh cùng phía đang triển lãm Space Exploration => phòng C

5. E (Okay but the one on the opposite side of the corridor to that’s got an exhibition about the Planet Mars, I wouldn’t want to miss that) phòng đối diện hành lang của phòng C => phòng E

CHUYÊN ĐỀ 3:

1. Client’s needs (The 1st stage is called Schematic Design. An architect will use this stage to get an understanding of the client’s needs. At this stage, an architect will use tools such as an adjacency matrix and a bubble diagram to help gather and analyze these ideas.)

2. Materials (The 2nd is what’s know now as Design Development. This is when the designer starting to take shape and the spaces are understood and recognized. This is also when an architect will start selecting the materials (= materials are chosen) that will be used in the design.)

3. Plans (The term Construction Documents is used to define the third stage. This is when the details of how to build the project are put together in a thorough set of plans (thorough = complete), these consist of things like a set of drawings and a set of specifications such as electrical diagrams. They are kept together so that a contactor has all the information needed to build the project.)

4. Contractors (The 4th stage goes by the name Bidding and Negotiations stage. This is when the construction documents have been approved and owner gets estimates or bids from potential contractors)

5. Clarifying (The final stage is referred to as Construction Administration. This is when the project underway and the architects in charge of clarifying the drawings for those doing the work. It can be a time-consuming aspect of the process with different variables coming into play.)

CHUYÊN ĐỀ 4:

1. England (The game was developed at Harrow School in England in the nineteenth century, and soon spread to the USA and other parts of the world.) được phát triển từ trường Harrow, Anh => được chơi lần đầu ở Anh.

2. Soft ball (The word ‘squash’ was originally used to refer to the soft ball that is used in the sport. (originally = first used))

3. Wood (Racquets were originally made from wood, although these days synthetic materials have become the norm.)

4. Yellow (balls come in different qualities and a coloured dot tells you what type of player they are most suitable for. For example, a beginner’s ball would have a blue dot, an advanced player’s yellow, while an intermediate player would use a ball with a red dot on it.)

5. 200 (When top players hit the ball, it typically flies through the air at a speed of 200 kilometres an hour, although the fastest recorded example is of a ball travelling at 280 kilometres an hour.) Thông thường (generally) bay ở vận tốc 200 km/h, còn 280 km/h là tốc độ nhanh nhất)

CHUYÊN ĐỀ 5:

1. E (The wheels are quite small. Yeah, they’re not made from recycled material. He wanted to minimize contact with the road because that cause friction which slows you down so they’re not as wide as those on a normal bike. And did the tire is completely smooth as well as being very narrow? Yes, That’s right). Bánh xe được làm nhỏ hơn xe đạp bình thường và lốp xe thì được làm hẹp lại => chọn E.

2. G (It is, but these ones are made from special alloy so there’s hardly any weight in them at all) được làm từ hợp kim đặc biệt nên hầu như không có trọng lượng hay nói cách khác là đặc biệt nhẹ (exceptionally light) => chọn G

3. H (And what about the other parts like frame. Well he hasn’t gone for new materials there, he’s used some pieces from other bicycles that he’d used in the past) khung xe được làm từ các phần của những xe cũ tức là tái chế từ những xe cũ (recycled from old bikes) => chọn H.

4. B (And has he designed the gears specially, it looks like he’s two chains there, one going to the pedals and the other going to the back wheel. That’s right, that’s his adaptation but the gears themselves are ordinary ones. What? The sort you find on a normal bike.)

5. D (The only thing he doesn’t have is a saddle to sit on. Well he’s not really sitting, is he. But he is resting his stomach and shoulders on something. That’s right, but the bit he resting on aren’t made of particularly soft material. Really? No, he made them out of a saucepan) saucepan là chảo, tức dụng cụ trong nhà bếp => Chọn D

CHUYÊN ĐỀ 6

1. F (Darmian Rose. He’s in charge of recruitment and staff issues whether you’re working in the kitchen or front of house. He’s the person to go to if you have any queries about your salary or terms and condition of service.)

2. G (Now Clara’s the person to go to for other financial issues, like anything to do with payment from guests or to suppliers. Clara doesn’t deal with the details of guest booking in terms of room allocation and special requests but she does deal with quotes for events and for invoicing.)

3. D (Now, Petra doesn’t do the cooking nor is she the head waiter but rather she co-ordinates all of the activities concerned with providing (=catering) food and drink to our guests)

4. C (Oliver Ansell has responsibility for large bookings, such as when the hotel is the venue for wedding and conferences. He makes sure that we all put together to make those run smoothly.)

5. A (Luca’s in charge of front of house, so if you are working there – welcoming guests when they arrive, giving information about meal times, the payment of extras etc.)

CHUYÊN ĐỀ 7:

- Then it was over and I was buried in the snow. It was totally dark. My mouth was packed with snow. => Loại A và C.

- I realized that I was lying in an upside down and backward position. => D

CHUYÊN ĐỀ 8:

- (And here you can see at the far end of south side of it are the original engine room, which you can visit today if you are take a tour of the bridge) tức là đoạn văn bắt đầu nói tại south side ở “engine room”

15. (This boiler produced steam, which powered two big engines, and these engines produced pressurized water which was stored in six containers call accumulators. This was sent via pipes to some more accumulators in each of the two piers in the central section of the bridge). Áp lực nước được tạo từ “engine room” đến giữa cầu thông qua các ống nước. => điền vào ở đây là pipes.

16. Bridge Operator (When it was time to open the bridge, the Bridge Operator, situation at the bottom of tower on the south side, pulled a set of levers to set in motion the opening of the bascules)

17. driving engine (This action started engines in each of the two piers, each of them operating one of two bascules. Gears attached to these two engines, which was called the driving engine)

CHUYÊN ĐỀ 9:

16. I. (Just above the middle of the bow here is the sight)

17. H (The shafts of our arrows are wooden but fiberglass arrow shafts are now common too) shaft of arrow nghĩa là thân cây cung.

18. E (Traditionally, as I’m sure you’ll know, the fletching at the top of the arrow, I mean not the tip end of the arrow, was made of feather) the fletching ở đây họ nói là phần đầu của cây tên – còn phần mũi tên là phần cuối của cây tên (tip arrow là mũi tên) tức là phần của câu hỏi 18 => E

19. G (All of you have a quiver with six arrows in it) Quiver nghĩa là bao đựng tên.

20. A (The bracer’s a smaller arm pad that protects the inside of your arm from the string.) Bracer là thứ bảo vệ phía trong cánh tay của bạn khỏi dây cung.

CHUYÊN ĐỀ 10:

21. Pine forest (The 1st step in the process is to get the raw material. Yes, and they tend to come from pine forest)

22. Water (Um, it says water is added and then the mixture is heated and made into pulp) trước đó sẽ nghe được các bước là “the bark is removed from outside the tree” và “the wood is chopped”

23. Print (So once the paper has been produced in the machine what happens then? Well I think we should write print as the next step because this is when newspapers, magazines etc. are produced.)

24. Sort (Then the recycling start, the old paper’s collected and then it’s says it’s taken somewhere so that someone or something can sort it) sau bước “old paper collected hay collect old paper” sẽ là “sort used paper”

25. Remove ink (It involves chemistry so – how is your chemistry. Well not very good I’m afraid. But this is how they remove ink.)

CHUYÊN ĐỀ 11:

31. Hydrogen (But where does the sun itself get its energy? The answer is that the sun makes it using fusion or more specially in a Hydrogen fusion process.)

32. Approach (So, what happens during this process. The 1st step is to make two light atomic particles approach)

33. Similar (The problem is that nuclei of atoms have electric fields, and fusion between these particles is opposed by there similar electric charge) sự kết hợp giữa hai nguyên tử có chung điện tích (similar electric charge) sẽ chống lại nhau (opposed), tức là tạo ra lực đẩy (repulsion)

34. Heat (Thus, in order to overcome this repulsion and force them together, in the 2nd step, the particles are heated)

35. Energy (Still, the concept is simple: the hot, wildly moving particles, which are now called plasma, will crash into each other, resulting the third step, the fusion into helium, which release energy, and begin self sustained progress)

36. T-O-K-A-M-A-K

37. Magnetic field (It’s an apt name, since a very powerful magnetic fields is used to confine and suspend the super hot plasma in the air, which interact which magnetic field)

38. Cooled (Of course, the walls of the fusion vessel will still get hot, very hot, and to avoid being melted, they must be cooled with a cryogenic system to intensely low temperatures)

39. Unstable (If we are to draw power from this system, the reaction must be continuous and controllable, however, when fusion begin, the plasma becomes unstable, and at the temperatures, that is a very serious situation)

40. 1 second (More to the point, this system could only sustain a fusion reaction for a fraction of a second) nghĩa là một phần nhỏ của một dây => less than 1 second

CHUYÊN ĐỀ 12:

1. Input (The paintbrush handles are places into a large metal container just to left of the conveyor belt there, called the input hopper)

2. Rotating (This belt carries the handles up into the main body of the machine. As they enter the machine, the handles move onto a rotating scroll)

3. Metal (This wheel carries the handles up in an anti-clockwise direction towards a metal roller, which is heated and this is where the logo is applied)

4. Guiding pins (From this, the logo strip is then fed round a series of what we call dancers, but what are technically referred to as guiding pins.) tên kỹ thuật là guiding pins.

5. Take up (The waste strip, now empty of logo, carries on and is wound round the logo strip take up drum on the far right there)

CHUYÊN ĐỀ 13:

1. Anti slip (And you don’t need worry about your laptop accidentally getting knocked off because the laptop area is covered with a heavy duty anti slip rubber.)

2. Pencil drawer (Well the mobile office can help you out there, too with the storage option under the work surface. There are a range of options available depending on the model (tuỳ dòng sản phẩm = optional), but they include a single utility drawer, a double utility drawer or as shown here, a pencil drawer)

3. Five-star (The stand is mounted on top of a five-star castor base, making the whole unit fully mobile)

CHUYÊN ĐỀ 14:

27. Senior management (What are the next steps if we are to have a new system? Well, the 1st question is – do you have support from your senior management?)

28. Project request (Actually, they mention that there’s probably a form I need to complete to formally start the project.

Yes, that’s the next thing you need to do... It’s called a project request form)

29. Meeting

(- Well, I have a list of things but I think the 3rd thing you should do is see Samir. He’s our analyst who will look at the system and identify what needs to be done.

- OK. Can you send me his contact details and I’ll set up a meeting with him?

30. Conference call

(- Ok That’s good, so we should soon be able to get a team together to start the work…

- That’s ok. I’m used to having conference calls providing they are not late at night)

CHUYÊN ĐỀ 15:

1. D (The process begins with that I like to call the party starter. It’s located on the top of the base at the front… But I think this big round button looks nice and dramatic and my children fight over getting to push it)

2. E (The button activates a small motor that’s housed directly under the box at front)

3. B (The legs elevate the base and helpful with that. The base also has another use as it can also hold up to 10 spare party poppers)

4. C (Once the motor is running, it’s turn spiky wheel that is attached to the loaded party popper. I called this the detonator)

CHUYÊN ĐỀ 16:

Bài 21.

33. Ireland (In Geographical term, you will see that the British Isles is an archipelago made up of the two large islands of Great Britain and Ireland and including many smaller surrounding islands)

34. Ireland/Eire (But to distinguish it from the name of the island itself, and most importantly from the other part which belong to the UK, it is called the Republic of Ireland or its Irish language name Eire that’s E-I-R-E)

35. England (England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland are legal jurisdictions within the United Kingdom but Great Britain refers to the countries of England, Wales and Scotland as a unit)

36. Man (The British Islands contain the UK, the Channel Islands (made up of Guernsey and Jersey) and Isle of Man which all have the British Monarch as head of state)

Bài 22.

6. Mexican café (Right, well, step out of the front entrance of the hotel, you’re on Hobb street. Head south of Hobb street toward Gorse Lane and take a second on the left onto Vickers St West. Go all the way down to till past the Mexican café on your left, the Rebel Hostel on your right and the big church on the corner of Allen Street)

7. Mill (When you get into the bottom of the hill, you’ll have to cross the main street. What’s the name of the main street? Mill street.)

8. Bookshop (Cross the main street and continue on to Vickers St East. There is a big bank next to a bookshop on the corner.)

9. Kitchen (Anyway don’t go into the park, turn left into Kitchen Street, you’ll walk past Bowen’s Bistro.)

10. King (After Bowen’s take the second left into Baker’s Lane, It’s a very short street, then take the 1st on your left onto King street)

Bài 23.

36. Intake gate (Water from the reservoir flows through an intake gate into a penstock this is kind a narrow channel which leads to the turbine below.)

37. Stream flow (The perfect spot for a hydropower plant is where the right combination of stream flow and head exists.)

38. Consumers (Hydropower plant design and operation must only not meet the needs of consumers of electricity but work hand-in-hand with agencies whose concern is for the fish and wildlife, water quality and water supply.)

Bài 24.

17. A (We won’t go into the admin building because there is nothing much to see there, instead, we’ll walk in a northeasterly direction towards the museum but before we’re going to turn right, walk past it, and go into that enormous building to watch how the avocados are graded and packed)

18. C (Of course this is where all the fruit is stored after packing, these are a lot of boxes of fruit in there, nothing very interesting to look at, but we will stop at the other building to see how they make the cardboard cartons.)

19. G (But, no, we skip that and make towards the building in the far north-eastern corner of the facility where they take the husk off the macadamia nuts)

20. E (We’ll have to walk through the little gift shop first to gain access to the garden shop) Trước đó đã đi qua “the picnic and play ground” và họ muốn đến garden shop tại trên cùng phía bắc của “car park”.

Bài 25.

21. Support (In the true hydroponics method the roots are baited with water and nutrient solution while support for the plant must be provided above the container.)

22. Clay (It’s a natural product, manufactured of clay, it’s colorful, lightweight and perfect for allergy sufferers.)

23. Cork (How did you get plant through the cork?)

24. Nutrient solution (We haven’t quite finished the preparation yet, but over here you can see a bigger container, in fact, any wide container can be used with the nutrient solution in the bottom, air space above)

25. Wire mesh (Be sure to explain the purpose of the rigid lid, it’s wire mesh, isn’t it? And why the litter layer is important too?)

Bài 26.

27. Aerial roots (Well, let’s start with the mangrove trees. They’re very special because of their aerial roots that allow them to breathe even when the tide is high and their roots are under water.)

28. Seedlings (A unique feather of mangroves is their ability to develops leaves on their seeds while they are still on tree and seedlings drop down planting themselves directly into the mud underneath.)

29. Decomposed leaves (You mean things like prawns and crabs feed on decompose leaves?)

30. Nutrient cycle (Yes, that’s exactly it, what’s we call it – the nutrient cycle of mangrove litter.)

Bài 27.

33. A (The high altitude Cirrus cloud, on the other hand is mostly made of ice crystal and appears wispy and thin, almost hair like in fact, that’s where they get their name from the word cirro meaning wisp of hair)

34. E (We’ll start with Cumulus which is a low cloud with a white, puffy appearance and most often composed of water droplets)

35. C (Let’s move on to Stratus (from stato meaning layer) these are the grey horizontal ones (often with a flat base))

36. B (Not so the Cumulonimbus, the tallest of all clouds)

37. D (I should mention Fog, with you probably don’t even think of as clouds, but fog consists of very low stratus, ground-hugging clouds)

Bài 28.

24. Executive (Well, you need a body to Administer the law that’s the executive made up of ministers of the crown)

25. Interprets (And the Judiciary interprets the law through the courts)

Bài 29.

14. Parkside (If we start here at the bottom, you can see Parkside Street where the main entrance to the park is)

15. 40 studio flats (On the left of the entrance in the bottom left-hand corner of plan, there will be a block of 40 studio flats)

16. Ornamental lake (Here in the center of the park will have an ornamental lake with path radiating north south east and west to the different area of the park.)

17. Swimming pool (Just here, beside the pitches on the same side of the path will be and outdoor swimming pool). Trước đó đang nhắc đến Sport Area và trong đó có các “football pitches”.

18. Flower garden (In a top left-hand corner a walled flower garden is planned) tiếp theo sau còn nhắc đến “next to this a sculpture garden is also planned”.

19. Play area (In a bottom left-hand corner of the plan, you can see that above the block of flats, there will be play area for children.)

20. Café (And finally in the bottom right-hand corner of the park will be a café opening onto Pair street)

Bài 30.

8. C (This is Hotel Columbus just before you get to the museum - I say 'just before' because that's the way most people get here. I mean coming from the main square where all the buses stop, or from the station.) tức là đi từ “main square” hoặc từ station sẽ đi qua museum trước khi đến khách sạn.

9. A (Yes, That's the way the taxi came in from the airport. I thought we drove past the museum, though - just after we went through that big square you mentioned. Ah, you probably mean here? That's actually an art gallery - it's worth having a look round, but the museum's more interesting.) người khách đi ngược từ airport lên, đi qua main square đến khách sạn, lúc đi thì khách tưởng đã đi qua museum nhưng đó là art gallery.

10. G (You can walk there in seven or eight minutes. Just cross over the road and go straight down this street here. That will take you towards the newer part of the city. Walk on for a couple of blocks and then when you get here you just have to go right a very short distance and then you'll see the conference centre above the other buildings - it's quite big.)

Bài 31.

18. G (So, as you can see here, each plot has a fence around it and its own gate. Between the beds are grass walkways. That means you can walk in and around comfortably, and not get your boots too muddy. There are soil beds on either side. This plot in fact, has two smaller flower beds opposite a much larger area for vegetables)

19. C (And there's also a glass house for growing tomatoes or anything that needs more warmth and protection. Here you can see one of those at the front near the gate.)

20. A (And this plot has a compost bin at the end opposite the shed for recycling organic waste.)

Bài 32.

15. C (So this one on the left of two rooms will be the new year six classroom. As you can see there’s no direct entrance from the playground. The plan is to include a small entrance area from the playground for coats and boots and so on.) Playground ở đây là playground lớn có cổng vào ở Balfour street (playground ở cạnh Fariey road không được nói đến ở đây).

16. G (There’ll also be an additional entrance to the hall from this cloakroom so children will be able to get to the hall from 2 different directions, from inside the main building and from the new entrance area)

17. I (The other new classroom, that’s the one with the playground entrance here, is going to be an exciting new venture for us, that because it’s principal use will be for the preschool and afterschool clubs.)

18. E (I think they were also worries about the nursery school though I’m not really sure why, to be honest with you. I can tell you now that the whole area on the other side of the main school building will be totally unaffected. The nursery will continue operating as it does now.) => Vì ở phía bên kia của toà nhà chính chỉ có playground và nursery nên chọn E

19. D (There will be a couple of smaller construction modernization work really, down here on the other side of the top playground. Cycling into school is getting more and more popular, so we’re replacing the old bike shed with a brand new bicycle bay) => bicycle bay chỉ có thể ở vị trí số 19,20 nhưng suy ra từ câu 20, toilet là vị trí số 19, nên bicycle bay là vị trí số 20.

20. B (The children’s toilet will also be modernized and the children will be able to enter them from inside the school building) => toilet có thể được đi vào từ phía trong của toà nhà chính nên chọn B.

Bài 33. (Xem CHUYÊN ĐỀ 9)

Bài 34.

16.A (In the opposite corner, you’ll find information about our healthy eating scheme with details of the meals and snacks that we provide.) Mở đầu có nhắc đến “left-hand corner” tại main hall theo hướng đi vào là the music department, tức là phòng B. Đối diện phòng B là phòng A => chọn A.

17. H (As you leave the main hall through the doors at the back on your right when you’re outside the hall you’ll find a variety of refreshments)

18. G (At the far end of that area, you’ll find a reception desk… There you will can also register your interest in volunteering to help at the school perhaps with the organization of events to raise money through the Parents Association and you can have a chat with Helen Graham who runs that)

19. D (If you turn left before you get the reception desk you’ll be going into the corridor where the majority of the teaching staff will be waiting to greet you and answer questions about their subjects. On the left of that corridor, you’ll find math, science and IT in that order)

20. E (At the far end of that corridor, the head teacher and various senior member of staff will be waiting to discuss any issues you may want to raise and queries you may have)

Bài 35.

15.F (You can see the scarecrow in the car park in the corner, beside the main path.)

16.G (If you look ahead you, you’ll see a maze. It’s opposite the New Barn, beside the side path that branches off to the right)

17. D (If you want go to the café, go towards the bridge and turn right just before it. Walk along the side path and the cafe’s on the 1st bend you come to.)

18. H (If you take the side path to the right here, just by the New Barn, you’ll come to the Black Barn just where the path 1st bends)

19. C (If you prefer a covered picnic area, there’s one near the farmyard, just after you cross the bridge, there’s a covered picnic spot on the right)

20. A (From here you can cross the bridge then walk along the footpath through the fields to the left of the farmyard. That goes to the house)

Bài 36.

17. G (Standing here in the foyer, you’re probably wondering why the box’s office isn’t here, where the public would expect to find it. Well, you might have noticed it on your way in, although it’s part of this building, it’s next door with a separate entrance from the road)

18. D (For the theatre manager’s office you go across the foyer and through the double doors, turn right and it’s the room at the end of corridor, with the door on the left)

19. B (The lighting box is where the computerized stage lighting is operated, and it’s at the back of the building. When you’re through the double doors, turn left, turn right at the water cooler and right again at the end. It’s the 2nd room along at the corridor.

20. F (The artistic director’s office is through the double doors, turn right, and it’s the 1st room you come to on the right-hand side.

Bài 37.

17. F (To reach it, when you get to the bottom of the stairs, go straight ahead to the far side of the sitting area, then turn right in to the corridor. You’ll see the door of the restaurant facing you)

18. H (When you reach the bottom of the stairs, you’ll need to go straight ahead, turn right into the corridor, and the café is immediately on the right)

19. C (There are baby-changing facilities downstairs cross the sitting area, continue straight ahead along the corridor on the left, and you and your baby will find the facilities on the left-hand side)

20. B (The cloakroom, where you should leave coats, umbrellas and any large bags, is on the left hand side of the sitting area. It’s through the last door before you come to the corridor).

Bài 38.

15. Car park (There is also a car park, but it only holds a limited number of cars.), trong đoạn có nhắc đến “Out to the east, the large buildings about a kilometer away are on the Olympic site” và ở đây có indoor arena, a stadium, a swimming pool.

16. Rose garden (The formal park has some specially-created water features. If you look out here to the south, you can see a circular ornamental pond. And around to the west, you can relax and sit on a bench to smell the flowers in the rose garden)

17. Café (and finally up to the north, if you look in front of you now, there’s a lake with a small island in the center. You can hire rowing boats at the boat shed, which you can’t see from here, but if you look through the trees, you can see the cafe, which has lovely views across the water.)

Bài 39.

14. H (Follow the path marked with the arrow and the first area you come to is the orchard on your left. As you go further down the path, there’s the kitchen garden on the right and as you go round the first sharp corner you will find, to your left, an area where different types of pear tree have been planted as well as some lovely flowers, and this is known as Pear Alley - designed by George himself.)

15. F (Next to this is the greenhouse where some exotic plants and fruits are grown. Follow the path round the second corner and on your right you will see the entrance to the Mulberry Garden with its 500-year-old tree.)

16. B (If you would like to purchase any of George’s books or other souvenirs, then leave the house by the side entrance, where you will find our shop, which is situated between the house and the garage which contains the magnificent old Rolls-Royce car which used to belong to George.) Shop nằm ở giữa garage và house, ta loại E vì G đã biết là green house (nằm cạnh Pear Alley) => chỉ còn B.

17. D (I expect by this time you may also be in need of a rest and some refreshment. Most visitors are, so why don’t you visit the tea room on the far side of the garage?) Ta đã biết C là garage do đó có thể nhận thấy được tea room là D.

Bài 40.

14. Woodside (I've already pointed out the river, which is on the left. And of course, running along the bottom is Woodside Road, got it?)

15. Ticket Office (Now we're standing at the entrance, see it at the bottom, and immediately to our right is the Ticket Office)

16. Gift Shop (And to the left, by the entry gate is the Gift Shop)

17. Main Workshop (Now, beyond the car park all the buildings are arranged in a half circle with a yard in the middle. The big, stone building at the top is the Main Workshop.)

18. Showroom (Now, in the top right-hand corner, that building with bigger windows is the Showroom, where samples of all the tools that were made through the ages are on display.)

19. Café (In the top left corner is the Grinding Shop, where the tools were sharpened and finished. And on one side of that you can see the Engine Room and the other is the Cafe, which isn't an antique, you'll be pleased to know, though they do serve very nice old-fashioned teas.)

20. Cottages (The row of buildings you can see on the left are the cottages. These were built for the workers towards the end of the eighteenth century and they're still furnished from that period so you can get a good idea of ordinary people's living conditions.)

CHUYÊN ĐỀ 17

1. 1934 (This proved so successful that 2 years later, he rented a small factory unit and set up Coppersmith Engineering, so we date back to 1934)

2. Boats (In the last few years, we’ve also made engines that are used to power boats)

3. Turnover (Another fairly new development is that 10 years ago, we set up a joint venture with a Japanese manufacturer and as a result, we’re seeing a big rise in turnover)

4. Office block (We’ve just completed a new test facility, and as you were coming in, you probably noticed the site where we’re constructing an office block.)

5. Best employer (When we received an award last month from the city council naming us best employer, we very proud indeed.)

6.F (Carol, you said in your interview that you’re interested in finance, so I’ve put you with the person who deals with payments to staff.)

7. D (Frank, I believe you’ve already had some training in sales, and you want to look at the process from the other side, so the purchasing section is where you’ll start off. You’ll be able to find how we buy goods and services from our supplies.)

8.B (But I’m afraid she’s on sick leave at the moment, so instead you’ll be someone who deals with sales to other country.)

9. H (Stephany, you didn’t mention any preference, so I’ve put you with the warehouse manager.)

10. E (We’re about to advertise for new training staff to join my section, so you’ll be with the person who’s responsible for recruiting them.)

CHUYÊN ĐỀ 18:

1. C (I was just standing by a deck to sort out my papers.)

2. G (I went to minimarket over there to buy some stuff and it was then I noticed when I wanted to pay that my purse just wasn’t there)

3. C (I’d wanted to buy some water)

4. B (I went back through the arrivals hall to look for it and I wanted to go back into luggage place but they wouldn’t let me through.)

5. C (Because he kept talking on his mobile really loudly just after we’ve landed)

6. C, D (I still got my passport and my visa but my credit cards have gone and $300 in cash. Fortunately, I just put English money into my pocket and my plane ticket too)

7. Tall (He was tall with quite long blonde hair)

8. leather jacket (And I think he was wearing a leather jacket)

9. 20 (His wife is quite short, younger than him, probably around 20)

10. Mobile phones (She was sort of medium build but what I noticed about her was that she was actually using 2 mobile phones.)

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