Gần đây, Giang ơi - Vlogger sở hữu triệu views đã dấy lên một tranh cãi về vấn đề bắt nạt học đường. Dù câu chuyện vẫn chưa đi đến kết luận ai đúng ai sai nhưng không thể phủ nhận một sự thật rằng "khác biệt" với mọi người, kể cả tính cách hay đặc biệt là ngoại hình, đều là một trong những lý do quen thuộc của những người đi bắt nạt. IELTS TUTOR phân tích từ vựng và cấu trúc qua bài báo Appearance and race top reasons for bullying of schoolchildren để tìm hiểu thêm vấn đề còn phổ biến này và bên cạnh đó giúp các em học thêm từ mới nhé.
I. Đoạn báo IELTS TUTOR phân tích
Physical appearance is the top reason for being bullied, with 15 per cent of students being targeted for how their face or body looks, according to a global study.
The Unesco research of school-age children across 144 countries also found that one in 10 students is picked on because of their race, nationality or skin colour, the second most common reason for bullying.
James O’Higgins Norman, director of the National Anti-Bullying Research and Resource Centre at DCU, said: “This is very concerning, especially for us here in Ireland as we become a more multicultural society. As Ireland welcomes more migrants and people of different ethnicities, we need to double our efforts to ensure that our schools continue to be models of best practice when it comes to tackling identity-based bullying.”
Speaking at the World Anti-Bullying Forum at Dublin City University on Tuesday, he said a “whole school, whole community approach” is the best way to tackle bullying and promote inclusivity.
Mr O’Higgins Norman also alluded to the role of adults, particularly those in the public sphere, in shaping children’s perception of what is socially acceptable.
“If adults behave discriminately or say divisive things, children get that message and think this behaviour is normal,” he said. “Adults, be it politicians or celebrities, need to be very conscious of how they behave and what messages they convey.”
He criticised the nature of many reality TV programmes, which he said are too frequently based on “divisiveness and aggression”.
A new anti-bullying and online safety programme will be rolled out to Irish secondary schools for junior cycle students in the autumn. After being piloted in 14 schools, the Fuse Programme will be implemented nationally and closely monitored over the next three years by the anti-bullying centre at DCU.
“We are trying to create a more cohesive approach to tackling bullying,” said Darren Heaney, project manager at DCU’s anti-bullying centre. “We want to see the prevalence of bullying significantly decrease in Irish schools.”
The scheme is modelled on Finland’s national anti-bullying programme. It aims to create an open and active dialogue around bullying, by connecting teachers, parents and students.
“I think it is absolutely vital to have a programme in schools that empowers students and lets their voices be heard,” Mr Keaney said.
The approach of Irish schools is “quite reactive”, with schools only intervening after problems have arisen, he added. The new method will see an anti-bullying co-ordinator assigned to each school, with teachers trained to conduct lessons about cyber bullying and online safety, disablist and homophobic bullying, as well as showing pupils how to report bullying.
Almost a third of students have been bullied in the past month. Children who are bullied are twice as likely to feel lonely, be unable to sleep at night and to have contemplated suicide as those who are not bullied.
II. Phân tích từ vựng & cấu trúc tác giả sử dụng trong bài báo
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