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HƯỚNG DẪN TỪ A ĐẾN Z CÁCH PHÂN BIỆT ABILITY, POSSIBILITY, CAPABILITY VÀ CAPACITY

(Rất hay sai trong IELTS WRITING)

· Vocabulary - Grammar

Tuần trước, IELTS TUTOR giới thiệu đến các em từng bước check lại bài 5 phút trong phòng thi IELTS WRITING, có nhiều bạn vẫn chưa nắm được sự khác nhau của những từ thường gây nhầm lẫn. IELTS TUTOR sẽ cố gắng hướng dẫn các em phân biệt các dễ nhầm lẫn như Ability, Possibility và Capacity nhé!

1. Ability

Mang nghĩa "khả năng", "năng lực" được rèn luyện bằng cách học và luyện tập

Thường dùng: the ability to do sth = có khả năng làm gì

Ví dụ:

  • There's no doubting her ability. [ + to infinitive ] 
  • She had the ability to explain things clearly and concisely. 
  • She's a woman of considerable abilities. 
  • I have children in my class of very mixed abilities (= different levels of skill or intelligence). 
  • a mixed-ability class
  • He had no doubts about his team's ability to reach the World Cup finals. 
  • Computer literacy is now as essential as the ability to drive a car. 
  • Organizational ability is essential in a good manager. 
  • Man's ability to talk makes him unlike any other animal. 
  • All the children are taught together in one class, regardless of their ability.
  • [ U ] They should not be taking in somebody they don't have the ability to care for. 
  • [ C ] Her teammates respect her abilities.

2. Capacity

2.1. Mang nghĩa sức chứa (the total amount that can be contained or produced)

Ví dụ:

  • The stadium has a seating capacity of 50,000. 
  • The game was watched by a capacity crowd/audience of 50,000 (= the place was completely full). 
  • The generators each have a capacity of (= can produce) 1,000 kilowatts. 
  • The larger cars have bigger capacity engines (= the engines are bigger and more powerful). 
  • All our factories are working at (full) capacity (= are producing goods as fast as possible). 
  • We are running below capacity (= not producing as many goods as we are able to) because of cancelled orders.
  • The last five years have seen a huge increase in the country's export capacity. 
  • The company has expanded its premises with a new 10,000 sq ft factory and plans to double capacity. 
  • They are trying to operate beyond the capacity of the airport.

2.2. Mang nghĩa khả năng (giống ability)

Ví dụ:

  • A child might be born to with the capacity to become a chef, but the ability to cook must be learned. Đứa trẻ có thể được sinh ra với khả năng là trở thành một đầu bếp, nhưng khả năng nấu ăn phải được học.

have a capacity for sth / to do sth

  • She has a great capacity for hard work. [ + to infinitive ] 
  • It seems to be beyond his capacity to follow simple instructions.
  •  Do you think it's within his capacity to do the job without making a mess of it?
  •  He suffered a stroke in 2008, which left him unable to speak, but his mental capacity wasn't affected.

3. Possibility

Mang nghĩa có khả năng

Ví dụ:

  • It's not likely to happen but I wouldn't rule out the possibility. 
  • The forecast said that there's a possibility of snow tonight. 
  • [ + (that) ] There's a distinct possibility (that) I'll be asked to give a speech. 
  • Is there any possibility (that) you could pick me up from the station?

4. Capability

Xuất phát từ Capable of, mang nghĩa CÓ KHẢ NĂNG

Ví dụ:

  • These tests are beyond the capability of an average twelve-year-old. [ + to infinitive ] 
  • With the new machines we finally have the capability (= power) to do the job properly.
  • Several countries are trying to develop a nuclear capability.

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