Các loại từ nối (linking word) nên dùng trong IELTS

· Vocabulary - Grammar

Bên cạnh hướng dẫn học từ vựng dễ nhớ trong IELTS Writing mà các em phải cực kì chú ý để mở rộng vốn từ của mình, IELTS TUTOR cũng giới thiệu thêm Các loại từ nối (linking word) nên dùng trong IELTS

I. Dùng từ nối theo ý nghĩa

1. Specifying (cụ thể)

    • In particular
    • Particularly, Specifically
    • To be more precise

    IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

    • Specifically, gold has 2 effectiveness: decoration and usage in science.

    2. Thể hiện sự đối lập (contrast)

    Các từ IELTS TUTOR khuyên dùng:

    • However, nevertheless, Nonetheless, Notwithstanding
    • In contrast, On the contrary, On the other hand
    • Instead, But, Yet, Still, Having said that
    • Although, While/ whereas
    • Albeit/ Much as
    • when in fact
    • conversely
    • Paradoxically (nghịch lý thay) / Sadly Enough (đáng buồn là) / Ironically (mỉa mai thay)

    IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

    • People use 43 muscles when they frown; however, they use only 28 muscles when they smile.
    •  Staying at home on the weekend help me to find the peace for myself. However, if I stay inside whole day, you will get bored.
    • Although hyacinth has many negative effects, it effectively hinders fishing and thereby paradoxically stops or at least postpones serious overfishing.

    • Sadly enough, serious crimes such as theft, burglary or even murder are now committed by people of younger and younger ages.

    • Despite the fact that authorities are urging people into using environmentally- friendly products and campaigns to keep the environment clean, ironically, they are simultaneously allowing businessmen to produce as many cars as possible.

    3. Thể hiện sự nhấn mạnh

    Các từ IELTS TUTOR khuyên dùng:

    • above all
    • even more
    • indeed
    • more importantly
    • In fact, Indeed, Especially
    • Significantly, Notably
    • Not to mention, To say nothing of
    • Last but not least

    IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

    • I don’t mind at all. Indeed, I would be delighted to help.
    • Above all, the most important aspect of this solution is to promote candidates to try harder.
    • To say nothing of the effectiveness of this drugs, everyone has always used it for curing disease.
    • Students should wear uniforms when going to school as It may take them less time to get ready for school each morning. More importantly, it reduces clothing-related peer pressure as every student wears the same outfit.

    4. Thể hiện sự nhượng bộ

    Các từ IELTS TUTOR khuyên dùng:

    but even so,

    nevertheless,

    even though,

    on the other hand,

    admittedly,

    however,

    nonetheless,

    despite (this),

    notwithstanding (this),

    albeit

    (and) still,

    although,

    in spite of (this),

    regardless (of this),

    (and) yet,

    though,

    IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

    • However” là cách diễn đạt sự đối lập trong văn viết và nói một cách trang trọng
    • Nevertheless” là một cách nói trang trọng hơn nhiều để thay cho “however

    IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

    • I'm not happy with your work. Nevertheless, I'm going to give you one last chance.

    5. Thể hiện sự thay thế

    Các từ IELTS TUTOR khuyên dùng:

    (or) at least,

    (or) rather,

    instead

    either way,

    whichever happens,

    in either event,

    in any case,

    at any rate,

    in either case,

    whatever happens,

    all the same,

    in any event,

    IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

    • Whatever happens, don’t let go of my hand.
    • She said nothing, preferring instead to save her comments till later.

    6. Adding Information (thêm thông tin)

      • First, second, third (ly)
      • And, Also, Besides, Moreover, Furthermore, In addition, As well as
      • In the first/ second/ third place
      • To begin with/ Next/ Finally

      IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

      • To begin with my opinion, I would like to tell you a story.

      7. Comparison (so sánh)

        • By the same token (bằng những chứng cứ tương tự)
        • In the same way
        • In similar fashion
        • Likewise, similarly
        • In like manner
        • Similarly,
        • …as…as…

        IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

        • By the same token, scientists have proved that, there will be life on another plannets.

        8. Cause and effect (nguyên nhân kết quả)

        • As a result, Consequently
        • For this reason, Accordingly
        • And so, Hence, Therefore, Thus
        • Then, After that

        IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

        • Having met each other before, as a result, we talk frankly about this problem.

        9. Conclusion (kết luận)

          • And so, After all
          • At last, Finally
          • In brief, In closing, In conclusion, On the whole
          • To summarize, To conclude
          • Take everything into consideration
          • All things considered

          IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

          • To conclude all of my mention, there will be a solution for the pollution.

          10. Illustration (minh hoạ)

            • As an example
            • For example, For instance
            • Specifically, to illustrate, To give an illustration

            IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

            • For example, If you sit on computer all day, your eyes will be stressed.

            11. Repetition (lặp lại)

              • In other words, In short, In simpler terms
              • That is, Likewise, Similarly, Not only … but also
              • To put it differently, To repeat
              • Under, Upon

              IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

              • In other words, staying home make me feel comfortable rather than hang out.

              12. Time (thời gian)

                • Afterward, later
                • At the same time, In the meantime
                • Currently
                • In the future
                • Earlier, Formerly
                • In the past, back to …  years

                IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

                • Back to the 19th, there is a revolution of science, which help society to develop.

                13. Opinion (quan điểm)

                  • Generally speaking
                  • I think, In my opinion
                  • From my point of view, From my perspective
                  • It seems to me that…
                  • Personally, I havent’t the faintest idea about/ whether
                  • To my mind,
                  • As far as I’m concerned
                  • I’m quite convince that
                  • If you ask me
                  • I’d just like to say

                  IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

                  • As far as I’m concerned, studying with friends is more efficiently than studying alone.

                  II. Từ nối dùng nhiều trong văn nói (speaking)

                  1. Các từ nối thông dụng

                  IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

                  • But frankly speaking,.. : thành thật mà nói
                  • It was not by accident that… : không phải tình cờ mà…
                  • What is more dangerous, .. : nguy hiểm hơn là
                  • It is worth noting that: đáng chú ý là
                  • Be affected to a greater or less degree: ít nhiều bị ảnh hưởng
                  • According to estimation,… : theo ước tính,…
                  • According to statistics, …. : theo thống kê,..
                  • According to survey data,.. theo số liệu điều tra,..
                  • Viewed from different angles, … : nhìn từ nhiều khía cạnh khác nhau
                  • As far as I know,….. theo như tôi được biết,..
                  • Not long ago: cách đây không lâu
                  • More recently, …gần đây,….
                  • What is mentioning is that… điều đáng nói là ….
                  • There is no denial that… không thể chối cãi là…
                  • In a little more detail: chi tiết hơn một chút

                  2. Adv + speaking

                  • Culturally speaking, … 
                  • Economically speaking, … 
                  • Environmentally speaking, … 
                  • Politically speaking, … 
                  • Legally speaking, ….

                  IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

                  • Culturally speaking, tourism promotes cultural awareness and also helps to preserve local culture and traditions.
                  • Economically speaking, tourism brings numerous job opportunities for local people, helping them to making ends meet. 
                  • Environmentally speaking, the development of tourism may result in pollution as irresponsible tourists often litter the tourist spots visited by them.

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