Hôm nay IELTS TUTOR giới thiệu đến các bạn Chuyên mục - Vocabulary theo Topic. Topic hôm nay là EDUCATION/WORK - một topic cực kì dễ ra trong IELTS WRITING nói chung & bao trùm cả 3 skills còn lại của IELTS luôn nhé!
Bạn nào chưa tham khảo Trọng tâm các Topic & các dạng đề phải học trước khi thi IELTS WRITING TASK 1 & 2 thì tham khảo trước khi học tiếp bài này, cho có hệ thống các bạn nhé!
Source: Sưu tầm
1. Từ Vựng chủ đề School trong IELTS WRITING TASK 2
1.1. Từ vựng
1.2. Các câu mẫu và ideas
2. Từ Vựng chủ đề WORK trong IELTS WRITING TASK 2
2.1. Từ vựng
Example: Although he has been called for an interview, he hasn’t got a job yet.
Example: It has been my dream is to be my own boss, because I can do everything in my way If I run my own business.
Example: The idea of doing a nine-to-five job is quite arduous for few people.
Example: Working full-time in an office can lead to being stuck behind a desk.
Example: Extra meal is one of the perks of the job, which make employees more satisfied
Example: Job satisfaction is the most important factor when a person chooses a job.
Example: Many people have manual work that requires them to work in dangerous environment.
Example: Taxi drivers is just my temporary work, I am applying for better job.
Example: In my free time, I join in voluntary work to help the society.
Example: Working in auditing area will be well paid.
Example: Employer should spend more money on improving the working conditions.
Example: Last week she was really stress, because she had to work too hard to meet the deadlines.
Example: Recently, a large number of older worker tend to take early retirement, then they will have more time to travel.
Example: Many worker are complaining the heavy workload, and they asking for higher salary.
Example: Many industries rely heavily on shift work, and millions of people work in jobs that require shift schedules.
Example: After graduating in economics, I got a very tempting offer from an investment bank and accepted it.
Example: After graduating, I did the usual things of putting together my CV & applying for jobs. Luckily, I landed a fantastic new job at a tourism company.
Example: I want to take up some fresh challenges so I did a job swap for a year.
Example: My start-up went through a difficult period and had to lay off staff
Example: I had a substantial volume of work – private students and marking exams – and was able to earn a good living
Example: I was put on a fast-track scheme and was moving up the ladder fast
Example: I want to take one weeks off from work but I’m afraid of getting the sack
Nghĩa: tiền và các quyền lợi khác được nhận từ công ty sau khi nghỉ hưu
Ví dụ: Những công ty trân trọng nhân viên thường đưa ra chế độ hưu trí rộng rãi.
Meaning: the number of days off work that you are allowed as holidays
Example: It is important to know the holiday entitlement before accepting a job.
Holiday entitlement: số ngày nghỉ phép
Nghĩa: số ngày nghỉ cho phép
Ví dụ: Quan trọng là biết được số ngày nghỉ phép trước khi nhận một công việc.
Meaning: permission to stay away from work because of illness or injury
Example: Important factors when choosing a job include holiday entitlement, sick leave and a company pension scheme.
Sick leave: nghỉ ốm
Nghĩa: được phép nghỉ ốm
Ví dụ: Những yếu tố quan trọng khi lựa chọn công việc bao gồm số ngày nghỉ phép, nghỉ ốm và chế độ lương hưu.
Meaning: a period of time when you are allowed to be away from work for a holiday/vacation
Example: Parents often take their annual leave at the same time as the long school holidays.
Meaning: a series of stages by which you can make progress in your career
Example: Ambitious employees look for a job in which there is a chance to move up the career ladder.
Meaning: to have a series of jobs in a particular area of work, with more
responsibility as time passes
Example: While many people wish to pursue a successful career, for others it is more important to find work which is interesting and enjoyable.
Meaning: a period of time when you do not do your usual job, for example because you have children to care for
Example: Some companies offer female employees the opportunity to take a career break for a few years if they have young children to care for.
Meaning: to have no desire to be successful or to move up the career ladder
Example: Those who are content to do the same job and have no career ambitions are often happier in their work and do not suffer from stress.
EX:The majority of the workers have been entitled to paid holidays.
EX:It is in everyone’s interest to maintain a high level of security in the workplace.
EX:This decision has caused friction between the employees and the manager.
EX:Sometimes conflicts arise between older and younger employees.
EX:There has been a continuous search for the cure for stress-induced diseases.
EX:Successful professionals tend to work at a steady pace.
EX:Every company should have goals to eliminate occupational hazards in the workplace.
EX:Noise-induced hearing loss is one of the most common occupational diseases in the UK.
EX:The toughest part of Katie’ s job is not the laborious/backbreaking tasks.
EX:There is a big demand for manual labour in the construction industry.
EX:Many people feel that mental work can be physically exhausting.
EX:Mr. Thompson is in charge of this department.
EX:Justin has a real attitude problem. In fact, he’s just a slacker
EX:Age is not of itself an indicator of ability
EX:The construction workers worked non-stop to build a new school for the children.
2.2. Các câu mẫu và ideas
3. Cách dùng self-study, self-learning và self-taught (Đều mang nghĩa tự học)
1. self-taught: adj. : learned by oneself: tự học
self-taught typing: tự học đánh máy
She is a self-taught typist.
2. self-study: noun (plural self-studies): the study of something by oneself, as through books, records, etc., without direct supervision or attendance in a class: Tự nghiên cứu học cái gì qua sách vở, tài liệu... không có sự giám sát trực tiếp hoặc hiện diện ở lớp học.
She learned to read German by self-study.
Cô ấy học đọc tiếng Đức bằng cách tự nghiên cứu (qua sách vở...).
=> Chỉ nghiên cứu học một (hoặc hơn) môn học.
3. self-learning (n = unschooling). Learning done by oneself, without a teacher or instructor: tự học ở nhà không giáo viên hay người hướng dẫn.
4. Đề mẫu luyện tập cho TOPIC này
Đề mẫu 1:
Some people think that parents should teach children how to be good members of the society. Others, however, believe that school is the place to learn this.
Discuss both views and give your opinion.
*Đề mẫu 2:
We have three important parts of education reading, writing and Math. Some people think every child will benefit from a fourth skill added to the list: computer skills. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
*Đề mẫu 3:
Some people believe that everyone has the right to receive university education，so the government should make it free to all people regardless of their financial background. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Đề mẫu 4:
More and more companies are allowing employees to work from home. Do you think this is a positive or negative development?
Các đề thi thật IELTS WRITING Topic EDUCATION / WORK khác:
Ps: Còn điều gì các em còn thắc mắc trong IELTS nữa không, có thể comment phía dưới để IELTS TUTOR giải đáp nhé!
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