Hôm nay IELTS TUTOR giới thiệu đến các bạn Chuyên mục - Vocabulary theo Topic. Topic hôm nay là EDUCATION/WORK - một topic cực kì dễ ra trong IELTS WRITING nói chung & bao trùm cả 3 skills còn lại của IELTS luôn nhé!
Bạn nào chưa tham khảo Trọng tâm các Topic & các dạng đề phải học trước khi thi IELTS WRITING TASK 1 & 2 thì tham khảo trước khi học tiếp bài này, cho có hệ thống các bạn nhé!
Source: Sưu tầm
1. Từ Vựng chủ đề School trong IELTS WRITING TASK 2
Kindergarten: trường mầm non
Primary school – pre-school education = Trường cấp 1
Secondary school: Trường cấp 2
College = further education : Cao đẳng
Higher education = university education
Post-graduate school: sau đại học
PhD = Doctorate
Vocational course: khóa học dạy về kỹ năng cho một nghề nghiệp cụ thể (khóa học hướng nghiệp)
Distance leaning course: khóa học đào tạo từ xa
Comprehensive education: giáo dục toàn diện
Be graducated from: tốt nghiệp từ
To enroll on/in a degree course: đăng ký một khóa học
To major in physics: chọn vật lý là môn học chính ở đại học
To attend a lecture: tham gia bài giảng
To attend a tutorial: tham gia lớp học với giáo sư theo nhóm nhỏ tại văn vòng
To deliver lecture: giảng bài
To lecture in something: giảng về cái gì đó
To do note-taking: ghi chép, ghi chú lại
Keeping up with the work load: theo kịp với khối lượng công việc hoặc khối lượng học được yêu cầu
To fall behind with study = fail to keep pace with the school/university work: không theo kịp bài vở trên trường
Pay off a student loan: thanh toán khoản vay sinh viên
Play truant/truancy: trốn học
Comprehensive education: giáo dục toàn diện
The literacy rate: tỉ lệ biết chữ
Literate (a): biết chữ
Illiterate (a): mù chữ
A gap year: chỉ một năm nghỉ khi chuyển tiếp giữa cấp 3 và đại học
be an arduous process = sth. be a tiring process that requires a great deal of effort EX:Attending a university with a top tier reputation often is an arduous but rewarding process.
be very rewarding= making someone feel satisfied
EX: Teaching can be a very rewarding career. It allows teachers to have an input in the development of young lives.
someone’s aspiration / pursuit = someone’s strong wish for achievement
EX: The educational aspirations/pursuits of rural youth tend to be different from those of students living elsewhere.
concentrate on sth = direct someone’s thoughts or attention towards sth.
EX: Some people think it is more effective to educate boys and girls in single sex schools because they believe this environment reduces distractions and encourage pupils to concentration their studies.
form the basis of sth = provide the ideas or actions from which sth. can develop EX:Traditional ways of teaching form the basis of the lesson.
use lateral thinking = use a creative approach to solving problems
EX:Using lateral thinking the students can solve problems in an unconventional manner
rely on linear thinking = depend on habits of thought in which one idea follows directly from another one
EX:The students should not rely on linear thinking habits. Instead, they should think more innovatively.
break the mould = change a situation by doing sth. unprecedented
EX:He made an attempt to break the mould of British politics.
academic performance = how good or bad a student is academically
EX:Tyler’s academic performance has been disappointing.
academic qualifications = the degrees, diplomas and certificates that someone has acquired Today academic.
EX: Qualifications are essential for getting a reasonable career.
standardised test = tests that are designed to give each test taker the same questions in the same format
be gifted / be talented = has an impressive natural ability In the process of being educated
EX: We can learn from the achievements of those more gifted than ourselves.
Rote memorization = a learning technique that focuses on learning by repetition
EX: Rote memorisation is not entirely useless. It can help children to learn the basics such as the multiplication tables.
learn sth by heart = learn sth. so that you can remember it perfectly
EX:The view of repetitively boring lessons and learning the facts by heart may be unfair and unjustified.
Read extensively = read widely
EX: Some people argue that examinations do not motivate students to read extensively.
induce cramming = cause students to prepare hastily for an examination
EX: It concerns some parents that these examinations may induce cramming.
ignorance = lack of knowledge about a particular subject
EX: No one minds mistakes or ignorance as long as you are prepared to learn from them. standard of upright conduct = standard of honest and responsible behavior
EX: At school students should be taught respect for the rights of others and standards of upright conduct.
students’ autonomy = students’ right to organise their own activities
EX:Students ‘autonomy should be encouraged when there are not enough teachers to go around.
Self-discipline = the ability to make oneself do things when he/she should, even if he/she does not want to do them
EX: Lydia lacks self discipline and is unable to finish anything.
role model = a person whom someone admires and whose behaviour and attitudes he/she tries to copy
EX:My elder brother has always been a role model for me.
EX: His academic performance failed to meet his parents’ expectations.
fall short of someone’s expectations = be disappointing to someone
EX:Jamie kept falling short of my expectations.
cannot be guaranteed success = There is no assurance that something will be a success.
EX:So far no teaching methods can be guaranteed success.
cover a lot of ground = (of subjects or courses) deal with much information and many facts
EX:We’ve covered a lot of ground in this class in the past couple of months
be well-rounded = have a wide variety of experiences in life.
EX: She’s a well-rounded person who not only works hard but also has a varied comprehensive coverage of sth. = include many details or aspects of sth.
EX: The impression is that the logical nature of the textbooks and their comprehensive coverage of different types of examples renders work sheets unnecessary.
EX:Self paced distance learning offers students convenience and flexibility.
core curriculum = the set of common courses that are required of all students
EX:The core curriculum provides the necessary general education for students, irrespective of their fields of interest.
the aims of education = the purpose of education
EX:The aims of education should not be restricted to the development of knowledge or skill.
academic attainment = sth. that students succeeded in doing in class
EX:Japan has a significantly better record in terms of average mathematical attainment than England and Wales.
specialise in sth. = be an expert of a particular part of a subject
EX: Grant Freeman, a biologist who specialjses in identifying insects, has come to talk to us about his current research work.
extra-curricular activities = activities that are not part of the course that a student is doing
EX:These extracurricular activities offer students an outlet for creativity and problemsolving.
promote equality = ensure the same conditions, possibilities and rights
EX:Some people believe that uniforms can promote equality and encourage better behaviour at school.
repress individuality = discourage qualities that make someone or something different from all others
EX:School uniforms may repress individuality and deny students the freedom of choice.
co-education = a system in which students of both sexes are educated together
EX: Some people believe that coeducation can make children feel more comfortable in the company of the opposite sex.
a single sex school = an allboys or allgirls school
EX: Some people argue that single sex schools impose abnormal conditions upon children.
mixed-ability class = class involving students of different abilities
EX: It is remarkable that large mixed ability classes could be kept together for maths throughout all their compulsory schooling.
distinguish sb./sth. from = recognise differences between people or things Importantly, EX:our commonly held feelings can help distinguish us from other cultures.
anti-social behaviour = behaviour that lacks consideration for others and may cause damage to society
EX:Even though the great majority of students are wellbehaved, there is a small minority that engage in antisocial behaviour.
be well-behaved = behave in a polite or socially acceptable way
EX:Apart from a very small minority, the students are wellbehaved.
adolescence = the period of your life from in which you develop from being a child into being an adult
EX:The book deals with the joys and sorrows of adolescence.
a healthy/positive outlook on life = a healthy/positive way of understanding and thinking about life
EX: A health outlook on life can help students to succeed both academically and socially.
well-adjusted adults = adults who can act with good judgment
EX:Educators should ensure that today’s students will become productive and welladjusted adults of tomorrow.
drop out of school = quit school before graduation.
EX:In this country, each year many students are forced to drop out of school.
EXSome students skip school because they dislike the material taught in class.
come of age= become an adult
EX: In some countries, to come of age means to reach the age when someone is legally recognized as an adult and is legally responsible for his/her own behaviour.
be bilingual = be able to speak two languages well or involve two languages.
EX:Donna appreciates she had the chance to be bilingual.
be monolingual = speak or use only one language
EX: Experts believe that people who speak two languages have a clear learning advantage over their monolingual schoolmates.
slack off = make less of an effort than usual
EX:It’s about time you stopped slacking off and did some work.
apply oneself = work hard with a great deal of attention for a long time
EX: I’m sure you can solve the problem if you apply yourself
disruptive students = students who do not obey rules
EX:His teacher described him as a disruptive student — always distracting other children.
unruly students = students who are difficult to control
EX:Megan had an unruly class of adolescents on Thursday.
act up = behave badly; misbehave
EX:Ricky sometimes likes to act up in class.
indiscipline = a lack of control or obedience
EX:The coach apologised for his team’s indiscipline
meet the demand of... = satisfy a certain need or desire
EX: Economic globalization requires more culturallycompetent university graduates who can meet the new market demands.
be geared to sth = be in accordance with another thing
EX:Education should be geared to the students’ needs and abilities.
inform sb. about sth. = give sb. information about sth.
EX:Studying geography informs us about the different kinds of relationships that develop between a particular environment and the people who live there.
put theory into practice = start to use a theory and see if it is effective The workshop helps students to put theory into practice.
EX:They can test their ideas or plans for practical applications there.
first-hand experience = experience that has been gained by doing sth. yourself
EX: By doing experiments, students acquired firsthand experience with the periodic table of the chemical elements.
the responsibility for sth. falls on sb. = someone’s duty is to do sth.
EX:The responsibility for educating children used to fall both on parents and on teachers.
the responsibility for sth. rests with sb. = someone’s duty is to do sth.
EX:The responsibility for limiting children’s access to violence on TV rests with the parents.
shirk one’s responsibilities for sth. = deliberately avoid doing sth.
EX:that one should do Parents should not shirk their responsibilities for educating their children.
fulfil one’s responsibilities = perform or carry out one’s responsibilities
EX:Parents should fulfil their responsibilities and monitor their children’s TV viewing and Internet use.
deny sb. the freedom to do sth. = do not give sb. the opportunity or the power to do sth.
EX:There is no reason to deny students the freedom to choose subjects that interest and motivate them
compulsory subject = a subject that must be studied by all students
EX: It is recognised as an important compulsory subject throughout schooling.
kindle someone’s interest in sth. = make someone interested in sth.
EX:The students’ interest in mathematics was kindled by Emma’s excellent.
optional subjects / courses = subjects / courses that may be chosen or not chosen EX:They believe that at the secondary level, all students should take Math and English, but other subjects can be optional.
There is no substitute for sb. / sth. = sb./sth. is irreplaceable
EX:There is no substitute for a facetoface relationship with a caring and wellinformed teacher.
distance learning = a flexible form of learning where students can study from home, work or on the move
EX:The biggest advantage of distance learning programmes is their accessibility.
happy medium = a middle position
EX:There’s a happy medium between studying all the time and not studying at all.
be sb. ’s mentor = an experienced person who gives advice to sb.
Be sb.’s peer = someone who is of the same age as sb.
EX:Else, They are entering a wider community where teachers and peers will have just as much influences as their parents do at home.
take someone under sb. ’s wing = help someone, especially someone who is younger and less experienced
EX:My mentor took me under her wing at a time when I needed her most.
burn the midnight oil = work very late into the night
EX:Abigail has to get the report finished by tomorrow so she’ll be burning the midnight oil tonight.
study intensively = study in a highly concentrated manner
EX: Many parents are concerned that examoriented education may restrict students’ creativity and cause students to study too intensively.
2. Collocations chủ đề schools trong IELTS WRITING TASK 2
To give out or assign homework: giao bài tập về nhà
To do or complete homework: hoàn thành bài tập về nhà
To complete/graduate high school: tốt nghiệp trung học phổ thông
To do/participate/take part in school activities/sport: tham gia các hoạt động tại trường/thể thao
Without an ear for music: không có khả năng thưởng thức âm nhạc
3. Từ Vựng chủ đề WORK trong IELTS WRITING TASK 2
1. To be called for an interview: to be invited to attend an interview
Example: Although he has been called for an interview, he hasn’t got a job yet.
2.Run your own business/be self-employed: to have your own business
Example: It has been my dream is to be my own boss, because I can do everything in my way If I run my own business.
3. A nine-to-five job: a normal job that consists of an 8 hour a day
Example: The idea of doing a nine-to-five job is quite arduous for few people.
4. To be stuck behind a desk: to be unhappy in office job
Example: Working full-time in an office can lead to being stuck behind a desk.
5. One of the perks of the job: an extra benefit you get from a job
Example: Extra meal is one of the perks of the job, which make employees more satisfied
6. Job satisfaction: the feeling of enjoying a job
Example: Job satisfaction is the most important factor when a person chooses a job.
7. Manual work: work that requires physical activities
Example: Many people have manual work that requires them to work in dangerous environment.
8. Temporary work: work done for a limited time only
Example: Taxi drivers is just my temporary work, I am applying for better job.
9. Voluntary work: to work without pay
Example: In my free time, I join in voluntary work to help the society.
10. To be well paid: to earn a good salary
Example: Working in auditing area will be well paid.
11. Working conditions: the hours, salary and other entitlements that comes with the job
Example: Employer should spend more money on improving the working conditions.
12. To meet a deadline: to finish a job on time
Example: Last week she was really stress, because she had to work too hard to meet the deadlines.
13. To take early retirement: to retire early
Example: Recently, a large number of older worker tend to take early retirement, then they will have more time to travel.
14. A heavy workload: to have a lot of work to do
Example: Many worker are complaining the heavy workload, and they asking for higher salary.
15. Shift work: a system in which different groups of workers work somewhere at different times of the day and night
Example: Many industries rely heavily on shift work, and millions of people work in jobs that require shift schedules.
16. Tempting offer
Example: After graduating in economics, I got a very tempting offer from an investment bank and accepted it.
17. Land a new job: get a new (and usually a good) job
Example: After graduating, I did the usual things of putting together my CV & applying for jobs. Luckily, I landed a fantastic new job at a tourism company.
20. Carve a niche for myself: make a special position for myself
Example: After graduating, I practiced medicine for a number of years in London. I managed to carve a niche for myself as a specialist in dermatology.
21. Job swap:
Example: I want to take up some fresh challenges so I did a job swap for a year.
22. Do a job-share: situation where 2 people share equal parts of the same job
Example: I decided to go part-time and do a job-share with my friend after returning from maternity leave.
23. Lay off staff: dismiss staff because there is no work for them to do
Example: My start-up went through a difficult period and had to lay off staff
24. Volume of work: workload
25. Earn a good living
Example: I had a substantial volume of work – private students and marking exams – and was able to earn a good living
26. Fast-track scheme: system for rapid training and promotion of talented staff
27. Move up the ladder: being promoted
Example: I was put on a fast-track scheme and was moving up the ladder fast
29. Get the sack: be dismissed
Example: I want to take one weeks off from work but I’m afraid of getting the sack
Example: Companies who value their employees should offer a generous retirement package.
Dịch đại ý
A retirement package: chế độ hưu trí
Nghĩa: tiền và các quyền lợi khác được nhận từ công ty sau khi nghỉ hưu
Ví dụ: Những công ty trân trọng nhân viên thường đưa ra chế độ hưu trí rộng rãi.
Meaning: the number of days off work that you are allowed as holidays
Example: It is important to know the holiday entitlement before accepting a job.
Dịch đại ý
Holiday entitlement: số ngày nghỉ phép
Nghĩa: số ngày nghỉ cho phép
Ví dụ: Quan trọng là biết được số ngày nghỉ phép trước khi nhận một công việc.
Meaning: permission to stay away from work because of illness or injury
Example: Important factors when choosing a job include holiday entitlement, sick leave and a company pension scheme.
Dịch đại ý
Nghĩa: được phép nghỉ ốm
Ví dụ: Những yếu tố quan trọng khi lựa chọn công việc bao gồm số ngày nghỉ phép, nghỉ ốm và chế độ lương hưu.
Meaning: a period of time when you are allowed to be away from work for a holiday/vacation
Example: Parents often take their annual leave at the same time as the long school holidays.
Dịch đại ý
Nghĩa: một thời gian được phép nghỉ để đi nghỉ mát
Ví dụ: Cha mẹ thường dùng ngày nghỉ hàng năm cùng thời gian với kỳ nghỉ dài của trường học.
Meaning: the chances of being successful and having more opportunities at work
Example: People with qualifications and experience usually have the best job prospects.
Dịch đại ý
Nghĩa: cơ hội để thành công và có nhiều cơ hội hơn trong công việc
Ví dụ: Những người có bằng cấp và kinh nghiệm thường có triển vọng công việc tốt hơn.
Meaning: chances to move to a more important position in a company or organization
Example: Perhaps the most important factor when choosing a job are the promotion opportunities/promotion prospects.
Dịch đại ý
Nghĩa: cơ hội được điều chuyển lên vị trí cao hơn trong công ty
Ví dụ: Có lẽ yếu tố quan trọng nhất khi lựa chọn công việc là cơ hội thăng tiến hay triển vọng công việc.
Meaning: a series of stages by which you can make progress in your career
Example: Ambitious employees look for a job in which there is a chance to move up the career ladder.
Dịch đại ý
Nghĩa: Tiến lên trong một loạt các giai đoạn trong sự nghiệp
Ví dụ: Những nhân viên tham vọng thường tìm một công việc có thể bước cao hơn trong nấc thang sự nghiệp.
Meaning: to have a series of jobs in a particular area of work, with more
responsibility as time passes
Example: While many people wish to pursue a successful career, for others it is more important to find work which is interesting and enjoyable.
Dịch đại ý
Nghĩa: trải qua một loạt công việc tại một nơi cụ thể, với nhiều trách nhiệm hơn khi thời gian qua đi
Ví dụ: Trong khi nhiều người mong muốn theo đuổi sự nghiệp thành đạt, một số người khác việc tìm một công việc thú vị lại quan trọng hơn.
Meaning: a period of time when you do not do your usual job, for example because you have children to care for
Example: Some companies offer female employees the opportunity to take a career break for a few years if they have young children to care for.
Dịch đại ý
Nghĩa: một thời gian nghỉ việc, ví dụ như chăm con
Ví dụ: Một số công ty cho phép nữ nhân viên nghỉ việc trong vài năm nếu họ có con nhỏ cần chăm sóc.
Meaning: to have no desire to be successful or to move up the career ladder
Example: Those who are content to do the same job and have no career ambitions are often happier in their work and do not suffer from stress.
Dịch đại ý
Nghĩa: không có tham vọng thành đạt hay bước cao hơn trong nấc thang sự nghiệp
4. ADVANCED IELTS VOCABULARIES TOPIC WORK
1) job security = being free from the threat of losing one’s job
EX: It ’s a choice between higher pay and job security.
2) job satisfaction= the pleasant feeling you get from a job
EX:The sense of belonging to a team contributes towards job satisfaction.
3) be entitled to sth. = be given the right to do sth.
EX:The majority of the workers have been entitled to paid holidays.
4) a sense of fulfilment= having the opportunity to develop one’s abilities and interests
EX:Madison found a sense of fulfilment and joy as a teacher.
5) frustration= the feeling of being upset because you cannot achieve sth.
EX:All her efforts met with frustration.
6) brain drain = a situation in which professionals go to another country in order to improve their living or working conditions
EX:This brain drain was caused by highly-skilled people only offering their services to the highest bidder.
7) work experience= the experience and skills that a person gains in doing a particular job (likely to be written incorrectly as “ working experience” by non-native English speakers)
EX:Paul decided to get work experience in South America because he wanted to learn about Latin American life.
8) excessive workload= work overload
EX:The employees have been complaining about the excessive workload — they had to do too much in too little time.
9) be labour intensive= be a process that requires a lot of effort
EX:However, the process took a long time and was labour intensive.
10) an oppressive deadline= a deadline that is too short and difficult to meet
EX:Working to oppressive deadlines can increase the risk of a heart attack.
11) work under enormous stress = work under great pressure
EX:Jasmine is very resilient and effective at working under enormous stress
12) an employee-friendly environment= an environment that emphasises the happiness and self-fulfilment of employees
EX:The company will build an employee-friendly environment, with various programmes from childcare and family care to leisure support.
13) workplace= the place where you work ( likely to be incorrectly written as “ work unit” bynon-native English speakers)
EX:It is in everyone’s interest to maintain a high level of security in the workplace.
14) work long hours for low pay= work many hours a day for very little money
15) leisure activities= recreational activities carried out when someone is free from work or other duties
EX:A wide range of leisure activities is available to students outside class time.
16) a demanding job = a job that requires a lot of time, energy or attention
EX:The work was too physically demanding.
17) contract= a legal agreement between two people or two businesses that says what each should do for the other
EX:It may be that your contract gives you better rights, or your holiday rights might be specified in a collective agreement.
18) work ethic= the belief that hard work is good for developing one’s moral character
EX:Riley is a perfect example of dedication. We really admire his work ethic.
19) flexible arrangement= a plan that can be changed easily according to the situation
EX:Telecommuting may give employees very flexible work arrangements with their employers.
20) work schedule= a list of planned activities to be done at work showing the dates when they are intended to be done
EX:They created a calendar to organise public events and work schedules.
21) routine work= the things a person does in a fixed order
EX:He found doing the routine work boring.
22) be well-staffed= have capable staff
EX:A properly designed programme should be well-staffed and well-managed.
23) be short-staffed= do not have sufficient members of staff
EX:Now the company is seriously short-staffed because business is picking up.
24) have access to= have the right or opportunity to use sth.
EX:In the course of your work you may have access to information relating to the company’s business.
25) cause friction between... and... = cause disagreement between... and...
EX:This decision has caused friction between the employees and the manager.
26) conflicts arise= has caused angry disagreement
EX:Sometimes conflicts arise between older and younger employees.
27) stress-induced diseases= diseases caused by great worry
EX:There has been a continuous search for the cure for stress-induced diseases.
28) the pace of work= the speed at which someone works
EX:Successful professionals tend to work at a steady pace.
29) occupational hazard= a risk for people doing a particular job
EX:Every company should have goals to eliminate occupational hazards in the workplace.
30) occupational disease= a disease commonly acquired by people in a particular occupation
EX:Noise-induced hearing loss is one of the most common occupational diseases in the UK.
31) backbreaking tasks / laborious tasks = tasks that are hard and need a great deal of effort
EX:The toughest part of Katie’ s job is not the laborious/backbreaking tasks.
32) manual work / manual labour= physical work
EX:There is a big demand for manual labour in the construction industry.
33) mental work= work that involves a great deal of thinking
EX:Many people feel that mental work can be physically exhausting.
34) be in charge of sth. = have control over and be responsible for sth.
EX:Mr. Thompson is in charge of this department.
35) has an attitude problem= does not take someone’s own job seriously
EX:Justin has a real attitude problem. In fact, he’s just a slacker
36) be an eager beaver= a person who is willing to work very hard
EX:Who’s the eager beaver who came in at the weekend to finish this work off?
37) be an indicator of ability= be something that can be regarded as a sign of ability
EX:Age is not of itself an indicator of ability
38) feel out of one’s element= feel uncomfortable in a particular situation
39) be attuned to... = be familiar with sth. and be able to deal with it in a sensitive way
EX:Most British companies still aren’ t really attuned to the needs of this market.
40) work around the clock= work continuously / work non-stop =work all day and all night
EX:The construction workers worked non-stop to build a new school for the children.
41) distract sb. from sth. = make sb. stop giving his/her attention to sth.
42) divert sb. ’s attention from... = take sb’s attention away from sth.
43) lead a busy life= lead a life full of activities
EX:Keira leads a busy life. She doesn’ t even have time to sit down to enjoy a relaxing meal.
44) be tied up at work= be prevented from doing sth. because of being busy at work
45) a stressful and time-consuming job= a job that takes a lot of time to do and cause a lot of pressure
46) job prospects= chances of success in a job or career
Learning a second language fuels children’s intelligence and makes their job prospects brighter.
47) incentive= sth. that encourages a person to fulfil a task
48) motivation = willingness to do sth.
49) build a close rapport between... = develop close agreement or sympathy with each
50) glass ceiling = an invisible barrier that prevents women from entering the ranks of senior level management
EX:Many women complain about the glass ceiling that bars them from upper management in large corporations
51) discriminate against sb. = treat sb. unfairly because of their beliefs, race or other features
EX:In this country, employees are not allowed to discriminate on the basis of gender.
5. Các câu ví dụ nên học thuộc lòng trong IELTS Writing Task 2 trong Topic Education & Work
Source: IELTS Fighter
Source: IELTS ZIM
6. Cách dùng self-study, self-learning và self-taught (Đều mang nghĩa tự học)
1. self-taught: adj. : learned by oneself: tự học
self-taught typing: tự học đánh máy
She is a self-taught typist.
2. self-study: noun (plural self-studies): the study of something by oneself, as through books, records, etc., without direct supervision or attendance in a class: Tự nghiên cứu học cái gì qua sách vở, tài liệu... không có sự giám sát trực tiếp hoặc hiện diện ở lớp học.
She learned to read German by self-study.
Cô ấy học đọc tiếng Đức bằng cách tự nghiên cứu (qua sách vở...).
=> Chỉ nghiên cứu học một (hoặc hơn) môn học.
3. self-learning (n = unschooling). Learning done by oneself, without a teacher or instructor: tự học ở nhà không giáo viên hay người hướng dẫn.
7. Các bài đọc hiểu nên đọc để học từ vựng thường gặp trong Topic Education - Work
Đề mẫu luyện tập cho TOPIC này
‘The Internet will never replace traditional course books in schools.’
How far do you agree with this prediction?
There is a huge range of resources available to the modern teacher, and the right selection is crucial in delivering effective lessons. I agree that there will always be a place for course books in the school curriculum, despite the many benefits of the Internet.
Firstly, course books (whether conventional or digital) have been developed by pedagogical experts and designed to be incorporated into a subject syllabus, leading to testing procedures such as formal examinations or continuous assessment. This means that they are proven to improve students’ academic achievement, enhancing their potential for progression to further or higher education. Furthermore, the use of modern course books allows pupils to coordinate their studies as part of group work, hopefully making their lessons less teacher-led and more about autonomous learning. This in itself teaches study skills such as independent research and synthesising sources, rather than old-fashioned rote-learning. This is where the Internet, in fact, can play a useful part: to supplement and add to knowledge which the students are assimilating via their course books.
However, it is the role of teachers and school management generally to ensure that use of the Internet remains a guided learning process, and not an exercise in data-gathering from Internet sources which may be unreliable or even misleading. It is true that the Internet can be invaluable for adults (for example in distance learning or selfstudy modules) who are able to discriminate between sources and sift information to marshal their facts. However, this is a mature skill and we should not assume that school age pupils are ready to do this.
Overall, it appears that course books, with their quality and depth of material, are set to remain an integral part of the syllabus. The internet can be judged a useful supplement to this, if used carefully and under supervision.
Đề mẫu 1:
Some people think that parents should teach children how to be good members of the society. Others, however, believe that school is the place to learn this.
Discuss both views and give your opinion.
*Đề mẫu 2:
We have three important parts of education reading, writing and Math. Some people think every child will benefit from a fourth skill added to the list: computer skills. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
*Đề mẫu 3:
Some people believe that everyone has the right to receive university education，so the government should make it free to all people regardless of their financial background. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Đề mẫu 4:
More and more companies are allowing employees to work from home. Do you think this is a positive or negative development?
Các đề thi thật IELTS WRITING Topic EDUCATION / WORK khác:
Ngoài ra các em có thể tham khảo các Topic Từ Vựng Band 8.0 khác để cải thiện thêm từ vựng luôn nhé:
Ps: Còn điều gì các em còn thắc mắc trong IELTS nữa không, có thể comment phía dưới để IELTS TUTOR giải đáp nhé!
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