Từ vựng topic "Work" IELTS

· Vocabulary - Grammar

Bên cạnh hướng dẫn các bạn Từ vựng & Cấu trúc qua bài báo Boom! BTS ‘Dynamite’ Video Crushes YouTube Premiere Viewing Record (Variety), IELTS TUTOR tổng hợp Từ vựng topic "Work" IELTS

I. Từ vựng & ideas topic Work

1. Từ vựng topic Work

  • To be called for an interview: to be invited to attend an interview
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Although he has been called for an interview, he hasn’t got a job yet.
  • Run your own business/be self-employed: to have your own business
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: It has been my dream is to be my own boss, because I can do everything in my way If I run my own business.
  • A nine-to-five job: a normal job that consists of an 8 hour a day
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: The idea of doing a nine-to-five job is quite arduous for few people.
  • To be stuck behind a desk: to be unhappy in office job
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Working full-time in an office can lead to being stuck behind a desk.
  • One of the perks of the job: an extra benefit you get from a job
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Extra meal is one of the perks of the job, which make employees more satisfied
  • Job satisfaction: the feeling of enjoying a job
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Job satisfaction is the most important factor when a person chooses a job.
  • Manual work: work that requires physical activities
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Many people have manual work that requires them to work in dangerous environment.
  • Temporary work: work done for a limited time only
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Taxi drivers is just my temporary work, I am applying for better job.
  • Voluntary work: to work without pay
  • To be well paid: to earn a good salary
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Working in auditing area will be well paid.
  • Working conditions: the hours, salary and other entitlements that comes with the job
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Employer should spend more money on improving the working conditions.
  • To meet a deadline: to finish a job on time
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Last week she was really stress, because she had to work too hard to meet the deadlines.
  • To take early retirement: to retire early
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Recently, a large number of older worker tend to take early retirement, then they will have more time to travel.
  • A heavy workload: to have a lot of work to do
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Many worker are complaining the heavy workload, and they asking for higher salary.
  • Shift work: a system in which different groups of workers work somewhere at different times of the day and night ==> Morning/Night shift
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Many industries rely heavily on shift work, and millions of people work in jobs that require shift schedules.
  • Tempting offer (cám dỗ)
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: After graduating in economics, I got a very tempting offer from an investment bank and accepted it.
  • Land a new job: get a new (and usually a good) job
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: After graduating, I did the usual things of putting together my CV & applying for jobs. Luckily, I landed a fantastic new job at a tourism company.
  • Job swap:
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: I want to take up some fresh challenges so I did a job swap for a year.
  • Lay off staff: dismiss staff because there is no work for them to do
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: My start-up went through a difficult period and had to lay off staff
  • Volume of work: workload
  • Earn a good living
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: I had a substantial volume of work – private students and marking exams – and was able to earn a good living
  • Move up the ladder: being promoted
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: I was put on a fast-track scheme and was moving up the ladder fast
  • Get the sack: be dismissed (từ này nên dùng trong speaking hơn vì informal)
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: I want to take one weeks off from work but I’m afraid of getting the sack
  • A retirement package: chế độ hưu trí, tiền và các quyền lợi khác được nhận từ công ty sau khi nghỉ hưu
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Những công ty trân trọng nhân viên thường đưa ra chế độ hưu trí rộng rãi.
  • Holiday entitlement: the number of days off work that you are allowed as holidays (số ngày nghỉ phép)
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: It is important to know the holiday entitlement before accepting a job.
  • Sick leave: permission to stay away from work because of illness or injury
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Important factors when choosing a job include holiday entitlement, sick leave and a company pension scheme.
  • Annual leave: a period of time when you are allowed to be away from work for a holiday/vacation
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Parents often take their annual leave at the same time as the long school holidays.
  • Promotion opportunities: cơ hội thăng tiến
  • To move up the career ladder:  a series of stages by which you can make progress in your career
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Ambitious employees look for a job in which there is a chance to move up the career ladder.
  • To pursue a successful career:  to have a series of jobs in a particular area of work, with more

responsibility as time passes

  • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: While many people wish to pursue a successful career, for others it is more important to find work which is interesting and enjoyable.
  • To take a career break: a period of time when you do not do your usual job, for example because you have children to care for
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Some companies offer female employees the opportunity to take a career break for a few years if they have young children to care for.
  • To have no career ambition: to have no desire to be successful or to move up the career ladde
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Those who are content to do the same job and have no career ambitions are often happier in their work and do not suffer from stress.
  • job security = being free from the threat of losing one’s job It ’s a choice between higher pay and job security.
  • job satisfaction= the pleasant feeling you get from a job
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: The sense of belonging to a team contributes towards job satisfaction.
  • be entitled to sth. = be given the right to do sth
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: The majority of the workers have been entitled to paid holidays.
  • a sense of fulfillment= having the opportunity to develop one’s abilities and interests
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Madison found a sense of fulfillment and joy as a teacher.
  • frustration= the feeling of being upset because you cannot achieve sth.
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: All her efforts met with frustration.
  • brain drain = a situation in which professionals go to another country in order to improve their living or working conditions
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: This brain drain was caused by highly-skilled people only offering their services to the highest bidder.
  • work experience= the experience and skills that a person gains in doing a particular job (likely to be written incorrectly as “ working experience” by non-native English speakers)
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Paul decided to get work experience in South America because he wanted to learn about Latin American life.
  • excessive workload= work overload
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: The employees have been complaining about the excessive workload — they had to do too much in too little time.
  • an oppressive deadline= a deadline that is too short and difficult to meet
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Working to oppressive deadlines can increase the risk of a heart attack.
  • work under enormous stress = work under great pressure
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Jasmine is very resilient and effective at working under enormous stress
  • an employee-friendly environment= an environment that emphasises the happiness and self-fulfillment of employees
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: The company will build an employee-friendly environment, with various programmes from childcare and family care to leisure support.
  • workplace= the place where you work ( likely to be incorrectly written as “ work unit” by non-native English speakers
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: It is in everyone’s interest to maintain a high level of security in the workplace.
  • work long hours for low pay= work many hours a day for very little money
  • leisure activities= recreational activities carried out when someone is free from work or other duties
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: A wide range of leisure activities is available to students outside class time.
  • a demanding job = a job that requires a lot of time, energy or attention
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: The work was too physically demanding.
  • work ethic= the belief that hard work is good for developing one’s moral character
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Riley is a perfect example of dedication. We really admire his work ethic.
  • flexible arrangement= a plan that can be changed easily according to the situation
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Telecommuting may give employees very flexible work arrangements with their employers.
  • work schedule= a list of planned activities to be done at work showing the dates when they are intended to be done 
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: They created a calendar to organise public events and work schedules.
  • routine work= the things a person does in a fixed order
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: He found doing the routine work boring.
  • be well-staffed= have capable staff
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: A properly designed programme should be well-staffed and well-managed.
  • be short-staffed= do not have sufficient members of staff
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Now the company is seriously short-staffed because business is picking up.
  • have access to= have the right or opportunity to use sth.
  • cause friction between... and... = cause disagreement between... and..
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: This decision has caused friction between the employees and the manager.
  • conflicts arise= has caused angry disagreemen
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Sometimes conflicts arise between older and younger employees.
  • stress-induced diseases= diseases caused by great worry
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: There has been a continuous search for the cure for stress-induced diseases.
  • the pace of work= the speed at which someone works
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Successful professionals tend to work at a steady pace.
  • occupational hazard= a risk for people doing a particular job
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Every company should have goals to eliminate occupational hazards in the workplace.
  • occupational disease= a disease commonly acquired by people in a particular occupation
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Noise-induced hearing loss is one of the most common occupational diseases in the UK.
  • backbreaking tasks / laborious tasks = tasks that are hard and need a great deal of effort
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: The toughest part of Katie’ s job is not the laborious/backbreaking tasks.
  • manual work / manual labour= physical work
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: There is a big demand for manual labour in the construction industry.
  • mental work= work that involves a great deal of thinking
    • ​Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Many people feel that mental work can be physically exhausting.
  • be in charge of sth. = have control over and be responsible for sth.
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Mr. Thompson is in charge of this department.
  • has an attitude problem= does not take someone’s own job seriously
    • ​Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Justin has a real attitude problem. In fact, he’s just a slacker
  • be an indicator of ability= be something that can be regarded as a sign of ability
    • ​Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Age is not of itself an indicator of ability
  • work around the clock= work continuously / work non-stop =work all day and all night
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: The construction workers worked non-stop to build a new school for the children.
  • distract sb. from sth. = make sb. stop giving his/her attention to sth=divert sb. ’s attention from... = take sb’s attention away from sth.
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Keira leads a busy life. She doesn’ t even have time to sit down to enjoy a relaxing meal.
  • be tied up at work= be prevented from doing sth. because of being busy at work
  • a stressful and time-consuming job= a job that takes a lot of time to do and cause a lot of pressure
  • incentive= sth. that encourages a person to fulfill a task = motivation = willingness to do sth.
  • build a close rapport between... = develop close agreement or sympathy with each
  • glass ceiling = an invisible barrier that prevents women from entering the ranks of senior level management
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Many women complain about the glass ceiling that bars them from upper management in large corporations
  • discriminate against sb. = treat sb. unfairly because of their beliefs, race or other features
    • Cùng IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: In this country, employees are not allowed to discriminate on the basis of gender.
  • lead a busy life= lead a life full of activities

2. Ideas topic Work

  • Several employers are reluctant to employ women due to discrimination, fear and prejudice
  • Women do not usually receive the same treatment as their male counterparts, although they are equally capable and deserve to be taken more seriously
  • Women face discrimination in the workplace and they experience several obstacles from sexual harassment to being overlooked as an employee
  • The salaries of men and women in the same company are not equal; women are usually underpaid although they do the same kind of job 
  • People should get ahead in the workplace only through hard work, punctuality and talent
  • A pleasant working environment makes a huge difference to employees as it generates positive feelings and increases productivity 
  • Employees should not be treated as commodities by their bosses; employees should be able to promote teamwork and team spirit among employees as this will trigger their motivation
  • If a company has high expectations from its employees, then it should reward them for good performance because this will boost their creativity and personal motivation even more 
  • There is a rising demand for web developers
  • In order to compete in the job market, you need to be well equipped for the position you want and have suitable qualifications 
  • Only the basic requirements will not get you very far in relation to employment projects 
  • In order to secure a job you have to impress potential employers not only with your academic achievements and work experience in your field but also with your social skills 
  • A desirable job helps you gain independence
  • Being suited to a job in terms of qualifications increases your prospects for promotion 
  • Greater career fulfillment
  • Explore a range of different career paths
  • Guarantee job satisfaction
  • An ideal breeding ground for social relationships
  • Bond together over a shared interest
  • A mutual understanding
  • Improve not only their mood and outlook at work but also their performance
  • Gain a greater perspective and thus become a more well-rounded person
  • Disparities in the types of job compatible for males or females 
  • Distinct physical and mental strengths
  • Occupational compatibility regarding gender
  • Great versatility in various jobs
  • Earn a living on their own
  • Earn money or gain valuable work experience 
  • Pursue tertiary education
  • Become enslaved to such platforms 

3. Từ vựng topic Work IELTS SPEAKING

II. Từ vựng topic khác liên quan đến topic Work

1. Từ vựng topic Unemployment

Từ vựng topic Unemployment IELTS TUTOR đã tổng hợp

2. Từ vựng topic Job hopping

Từ vựng topic job hopping IELTS TUTOR tổng hợp

3. Từ vựng topic work from home

IELTS TUTOR tổng hợp Từ vựng topic work from home

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