Cách viết dạng TWO QUESTION ESSAYS IELTS WRITING TASK 2

· Writing

Bên cạnh Hướng dẫn đề thi IELTS 21/11/2020 bài WRITING TASK 2 về Relocating Business to Regional Areas (kèm bài sửa của học sinh đi thi), Hôm nay, IELTS TUTOR giới thiệu đến các em cách viết dạng đề 2 Questions trong IELTS Writing Task 2 như sau, các em chú ý theo dõi

I. KIẾN THỨC CHUNG VỀ DẠNG 2 - QUESTION ESSAYS

1. Dạng 2 - Question essay là dạng gì?

IELTS TUTOR giải thích:

  • Sở dĩ gọi là dạng 2 question bởi vì câu hỏi có 2 questions & nhiệm vụ của thí sinh là đi trả lời 2 câu hỏi đó đề đã cho 
  • Thông thường sẽ bao gồm 2 nội dung: nguyên nhân dẫn đến một vấn đề nào đó trong xã hội, những hệ quả hoặc giải pháp cho vấn đề đó.

2. Dạng 2-question essays bao gồm những dạng nào?

Dạng 2-question essays sẽ bao gồm:

  • Dạng cause - effect
    • Thực chất dạng CAUSE & EFFECT là dạng 2 questions vì đề cũng hỏi em 2 question, cơ mà đi sâu cụ thể là question 1 sẽ hỏi về CAUSE - tức là nguyên nhân gây nên sự việc và question 2 sẽ là EFFECT tức là hậu quả của sự việc.

  • Dạng problem - solution
    • Thực chất dạng PROBLEM-SOLUTIONS là dạng 2 questions vì đề cũng hỏi em 2 question, cơ mà đi sâu cụ thể là question 1 sẽ hỏi về PROBLEMS - tức là vấn đề của sự việc là gì và question 2 sẽ là SOLLUTIONS tức là làm thế nào để giải quyết được sự việc ấy.

  • Dạng 2 câu hỏi rõ rệt
  • Dạng 3 câu hỏi rõ rệt (ít gặp)

3. Các đề mẫu dạng 2 - Question essay

Đề 1,2,3: Dạng 2 câu hỏi rõ rệt

  • The unlimited use of cars may cause many problems. What are those problems? In order to reduce the problems, should we discourage people to use cars?
  • Many people decide on a career path early in their lives and keep to it. This, they argue, leads to a more satisfying working life. To what extent do you agree with this view? What other things can people do in order to have a satisfying working life?
  • Nowadays the way many people interact with each other has changed because of technology. In what ways has technology affected the types of relationships that people make? Has this been a positive or negative development?

Đề 4: Dạng cause - effect

In many countries, the number of people choosing to live by themselves is increasing rapidly in recent years.

Why is this happening?

Is this a positive and negative development for society?

Đề 5: Dạng 3 câu hỏi rõ rệt

Explain some of the ways in which humans are damaging the environment. What can governments do to address these problems? What can individual people do?

II. CÁCH VIẾT DẠNG 2 - QUESTION ESSAYS

1. Phân chia bố cục dạng 2-question essays

Bố cục chung cách viết dạng 2 question essay mà IELTS TUTOR mong muốn các bạn học sinh lớp IELTS WRITING ONLINE 1 KÈM 1 của IELTS TUTOR làm theo nhé:

  • Intro
    • Giới thiệu topic (paraphrase lại câu của đề bài)
    • Trả lời cả 2 câu hỏi nêu ra ở đề bài. Chỉ cần trả lời chung chung không cần nêu chi tiết, cụ thể
    • Ở câu số 2 intro: Nếu có hỏi your opinion thì phải nêu your opinion ra
  • Thân bài: chia làm 2 bodies, mỗi body sẽ trả lời 1 câu hỏi, theo thứ tự xuất hiện của câu hỏi
    • Thân bài 1: Trả lời chi tiết câu hỏi 1
    • Thân bài 2: Trả lời chi tiết câu hỏi 2

Conclusion: Nhắc lại ý nêu ra ở câu 2 phần mở bài

2. Bài mẫu dạng 2-question trong IELTS WRITING Task 2

2.1. Bài mẫu với dạng 2 câu hỏi riêng biệt

There are many different types of music in the world today. Why do we need music? Is the traditional music of a country more important than the international music that is heard everywhere nowadays?

It is true that a rich variety of musical styles can be found around the world. Music is a vital part of all human cultures for a range of reasons, and I would argue that traditional music is more important than modern, international music.

Music is something that accompanies all of us throughout our lives. As children, we are taught songs by our parents and teachers as a means of learning language, or simply as a form of enjoyment. Children delight in singing with others, and it would appear that the act of singing in a group creates a connection between participants, regardless of their age. Later in life, people’s musical preferences develop, and we come to see our favourite songs as part of our life stories. Music both expresses and arouses emotions in a way that words alone cannot. In short, it is difficult to imagine life without it.

In my opinion, traditional music should be valued over the international music that has become so popular. International pop music is often catchy and fun, but it is essentially a commercial product that is marketed and sold by business people. Traditional music, by contrast, expresses the culture, customs and history of a country. Traditional styles, such as …(example)…, connect us to the past and form part of our cultural identity. It would be a real pity if pop music became so predominant that these national styles disappeared.

In conclusion, music is a necessary part of human existence, and I believe that traditional music should be given more importance than international music.

(261 words, band 9)

2.3. Bài mẫu với dạng 3 câu hỏi riêng biệt

Explain some of the ways in which humans are damaging the environment. What can governments do to address these problems? What can individual people do?

Humans are responsible for a variety of environmental problems, but we can also take steps to reduce the damage that we are causing to the planet. This essay will discuss environmental problems and the measures that governments and individuals can take to address these problems.

Two of the biggest threats to the environment are air pollution and waste. Gas emissions from factories and exhaust fumes from vehicles lead to global warming, which may have a devastating effect on the planet in the future. As the human population increases, we are also producing ever greater quantities of waste, which contaminates the earth and pollutes rivers and oceans.

Governments could certainly make more effort to reduce air pollution. They could introduce laws to limit emissions from factories or to force companies to use renewable energy from solar, wind or water power. They could also impose ‘green taxes’ on drivers and airline companies. In this way, people would be encouraged to use public transport and to take fewer flights abroad, therefore reducing emissions.

Individuals should also take responsibility for the impact they have on the environment. They can take public transport rather than driving, choose products with less packaging, and recycle as much as possible. Most supermarkets now provide reusable bags for shoppers as well as ‘banks’ for recycling glass, plastic and paper in their car parks. By reusing and recycling, we can help to reduce waste.

In conclusion, both national governments and individuals must play their part in looking after the environment.

(250 words, band 9)

III. CÁCH TÌM Ý DẠNG CAUSE - EFFECT & CAUSE - SOLUTION

IV. TỪ VỰNG & CẤU TRÚC THƯỜNG DÙNG TRONG DẠNG CAUSE - EFFECT - SOLUTION

V. PHÂN BIỆT DẠNG 2-QUESTION ESSAYS VỚI DẠNG OPINION ESSAY

Ps: Còn điều gì các em còn thắc mắc trong IELTS nữa không, có thể comment phía dưới để IELTS TUTOR giải đáp nhé!

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