· Vocabulary - Grammar

Bên cạnh hướng dẫn em cách câu giờ sao cho chuẩn nhất trong IELTS SPEAKING, bài viết dưới đây, IELTS TUTOR sẽ hướng dẫn các bạn các cấu trúc để miêu tả hàm ý "thường làm gì", "thường gặp" để các bạn có thể mở rộng vốn từ để dùng trong các bài viết hoặc giao tiếp hằng ngày.

1. be accustomed to (doing) something

to be familiar with something and accept it as normal - quen với việc gì

Ví dụ:

I'm not accustomed to getting up so early.

I am accustomed to a political argument that cuts to the core.

Steph was accustomed to a regular paycheck.

Watson, I am accustomed to being baffled by complexity.

2. it is customary for sb to do sth

something that is customary is normal because it is the way something is usually done - thứ bình thường theo phong tục

Ví dụ:

In some cultures it is customary for the bride to wear white.

It is customary for the man to propose to the woman.

The problem arises mainly in the South, where it is customary for sellers to appoint several agents.

Therefore in daily training it is customary for each exercise to be performed to the left and right, forwards and backwards.

3. it is uncommon that

ordinarily encountered - bình thường

Ví dụ:

It is not uncommon that databases for data mining require their own analytic engine, design and structure.

Therefore, it is not uncommon that vacuum measurements are performed under conditions that are severe for a vacuum gauge.

4. prone to

Inclined or likely to do something - có ý định làm gì

Ví dụ:

The boss is prone to get irate when someone disagrees with him, even if he's clearly wrong.

The comedian is prone to saying pretty offensive things during her stand-up routine.

He's prone to illness, so his mother makes him stay indoors a lot.

I'm prone to nausea when I travel by boat.

5. It is a common knowledge

be something that everyone knows, especially in a particular community or group - kiến thức cơ bản ai cũng biết

Ví dụ:

I thought it was common knowledge that he was looking for another job!

It is a common knowledge that swimming is one of the best forms of exercise.

It is common knowledge that solar heating for a large office building is technically different from a single-family.

6. be inclined to do sth

to be likely to do something or behave in a particular way - có ý định làm gì

Ví dụ:

I'm inclined to agree with you.

Are you inclined to go to out tonight?

I hope the boss isn't inclined to fire the person responsible for the printing error.

Oh, I'm always inclined to have a piece of cake—let's see the dessert menu!

8. tend to do sth

To be inclined or have a tendency to do something - có ý định làm gì

Ví dụ:

You really need to tend to the lawn—it's getting pretty overgrown!

I'm taking some time off of work to tend to my daughter while she is sick

Sarah has a lot more experience than me in this aspect of the business, so I tend to defer to her opinions on such matters.

I tend not to believe rumors like these until I see some actual evidence.

9. Be used to

2.1. Cách dùng:

You are used to do something, nghĩa là bạn đã từng làm việc gì đó rất nhiều lần hoặc đã có kinh nghiệm với việc đó rồi, vì vậy nó không còn lạ lẫm, mới lạ hay khó khăn gì với bạn nữa.

2.2. Công thức:

Câu khẳng định

Subject + be used to + noun/pronoun/gerund.

Example: He is used to swimming every day

Câu phủ định

Subject + not be used to + noun/pronoun/gerund.

Example: I‘m not used to getting up early.

Câu nghi vấn

Be + subject + used to + noun/pronoun/gerund?

Example: Are you used to getting up early?

10. Get used to

3.1. Cách dùng:

Cấu trúc get used to V-ing được sử dụng để diễn tả ai đó đang dần quen 1 vấn đề hoặc sự việc nào đó.

3.2. Công thức:

Câu khẳng định

Subject + get used to + noun/pronoun/gerund.

Example: Staff will have to get used to a new way of working

Câu phủ định

Subject + not get used to + noun/pronoun/gerund.

Example: I could not get used to driving on the wrong side of the street!

Câu nghi vấn

Auxiliary verb + subject + get used to + noun/ pronoun/ gerund?

Example: Has your sister gotten used to his new boss?

3.3. Lưu ý:

1. Cả hai cấu trúc ‘be used to’ và ‘get used to’ đều theo sau bởi danh từ hoặc danh động từ (động từ đuôi -ing)

2. ‘Be used to’ và ‘get used to’ có thể được dùng ở tất cả các thì, chia động từ phù hợp cho từng thì. Ví dụ:

  • You will soon get used to living alone.
  • When we lived in Bangkok, we were used to hot weather.
  • have been getting used to snakes for a long time.

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