Trong thời gian vừa qua, bệnh viện Bạch Mai và Chợ Rẫy đã tiếp nhận nhiều ca ngô độc thực phẩm gây ra bởi pate chay Minh Chay. Những triệu chứng bắt nguồn từ loại vi khuẩn tìm thấy trong các sản phẩm công ty này được cho là vô cùng độc hại và thâm chí có khả năng gây ra tê liệt toàn thân. Hãy cùng IELTS TUTOR phân tích từ vựng và cấu trúc bài báo Lethal bacteria in vegan pate puts seven people on life support để tìm hiểu thêm tình hình và học thêm từ mới. Trong thời kỳ nhạy cảm hiện nay, các em hãy giữ gìn sức khỏe thật tốt để chuẩn bị bắt đầu năm học mới nhé.
I. Đoạn báo IELTS TUTOR phân tích
Foodborne botulism caused by Minh Chay vegan pate has put seven people on ventilators, including one paralyzed and entirely dependent on the machine.
The ICU and Poison Control Department at the Hospital for Tropical Diseases in Ho Chi Minh City is treating two middle-aged sisters from Long An Province who fell seriously sick after eating Minh Chay pate, said hospital director Nguyen Van Vinh Chau.
Minh Chay pate is produced by Loi Song Moi Company in Hanoi's Dong Anh District.
The duo from southern Vietnam was admitted with difficulties in swallowing and opening their mouth. Their condition worsened quickly, causing paralysis in their body and respiratory muscles. They had to be put on ventilators. After two weeks of treatment, the younger sister can move her arms and legs and her reliance on the ventilator has reduced.
[...] In HCMC's Cho Ray Hospital, its Tropical Diseases Department admitted five patients from July 24 to 30. All of them, including a pregnant woman and her husband from southern Khanh Hoa Province, had droopy eyelids and paralyzed respiratory muscles caused by foodborne botulism.
[...] The other three patients, a group of friends 20 to 26 years old, are from the southern provinces of Dong Nai and Ba Ria -Vung Tau. On July 24, they had the pate and were hospitalized with severe symptoms. After suffering respiratory failure, they continue to be on ventilators.
[...] Two jars of Minh Chay pate that these patients had eaten were later obtained and sent to laboratories. Results confirmed the pate contained the Clostridium botulinum bacteria.
Apart from the aforementioned 10 patients, the Department of Food Safety under the Ministry of Health has also confirmed two other foodborne botulism cases caused by Minh Chay pate in Hanoi's Bach Mai Hospital.
On the afternoon of August 29, the department published an urgent warning, telling people to stop using the pate and go to local hospitals if they had eaten it and experienced any symptom.
Consumers have also been advised to notify local authorities about several products made by Loi Song Moi Company, including vegan pate, meatloaf and mushrooms.
Clostridium botulinum is a bacterium that produces dangerous toxins under low-oxygen conditions. Botulinum toxins are ingested through food in which the bacteria or the spores survive, then grow and produce the toxins, according to doctors at the Cho Ray Hospital.
Symptoms usually appear within 12 to 36 hours, or longer. They include stomachache, fatigue, pain in muscles, blurred vision, dry mouth, difficulty in swallowing and speaking and droopy eyelids. Patients can end up with respiratory failure caused by paralyzed respiratory muscles.
The Minh Chay brand issued an announcement on August 29 asking patrons to "immediately stop eating" the pate produced from July 1 to August 28.
II. Phân tích từ vựng & cấu trúc tác giả sử dụng trong bài báo
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