Từ vựng topic Family (child education, child birth...) IELTS

· Vocabulary - Grammar

Bên cạnh các điểm ngữ pháp và từ vựng mà các em bắt buộc phải chú ý trong IELTS WRITING TASK 2 mà IELTS TUTOR đã lưu ý đến các em, các em cũng cần bổ sung thêm từ vựng thường gặp nhất trong các Topic thường được ra thi mới đây như Topic Family, Children & Child Birth để nâng cao vốn từ nhé!

1. Từ vựng thường gặp Topic Child Birth

Sau đây là những cụm từ, câu mẫu hay mà các em nên học kĩ.

  • have children later in their life = delay parenthood = postpone parenthood = decide to giving birth later in life

Ex: Nowadays more and more people decide to have children later in their life

  • the effects of having children late on society and family life (bring about some negative effects on both family life and society)
  • decide not to have babies when they are young and wait until they get older instead
  • have a baby to nurture

Ex: it is easier for a young couple to travel when they do not have a baby to nurture

  • people who are at the early stage of their career usually have lower income compared to when they are older
  • raise a family
  • cause a significant age gap between two generations
  • understand and communicate with their offspring
  • give birth

Ex: if people give birth when they are too old, the babies being born might be less physically healthy.

  • adversely affect the quality of the future workforce
  • follow this trend

EX: This might adversely affect the quality of the future workforce if too many people decide to follow this trend.

  • result in some negative impacts on both family life and society
  • stabilize their finance before becoming parents
  • provide their kids with sufficient living condition for their future development
  • the recent alarming rate of divorce
  • premature marriages have become common
  • many couples’ doubt of their marital harmony
  • deter  their  early  desire for raising a child
  • fewer kids grow up without fatherhood or motherhood
  • the drawbacks should not be overlooked
  • exert adverse effects on the population structure
  • potentially results in the future aging workforce   and   hinders   social   development   in   the   long   term
  • the possibility of  infertility among mothers at their old age and risk the new-born babies’ mental and physical health
  • Down syndrome
  • To delay childbirth: Trì hoãn sinh con
  • The   propensity   for   prioritizing   their careers over taking parental roles: xu hướng coi trọng nghề nghiệp trước khi có con
  • Adopted a fear of taking unwanted custody: Có nỗi sợ phải nuôi con không mong muốn sau khi li hôn
  • Marital harmony: Sự hòa thuận trong hôn nhân
  • The possibility of infertility: Khả năng vô sinh
  • The occupational prioritization and the hesitation over the likelihood of single- parent responsibility: Sự coi trọng nghề nghiệp và sự đắn đo trước khả năng phải nhận trách nhiệm của bố/mẹ độc thân
  • are entitled to take maternity leave from their work
  • women taking maternity leave may cause some problems
  • a long period of absence from the work place may affect the career prospects of the women employees
  • Since the leave may be from six months to one year or more, women who remain away from work for such a long period might miss the chances of promotions and career progression
  • the employer may find such an arrangement problematic since they have to recruit new staff to stand in for the women going on maternity leave
  • long leave with full pay for childbirth would help them avoid the stress and strain of commuting to work every day while pregnant

  • rearing healthy children is important for the survival and progress of any society

  • the mother can provide better attention and care to the child only when she stays away from work

  • Recognise this important role of women

  • provide maternity leave to women workers with full pay

2. Từ vựng thường gặp trong topic mối quan hệ giữa người trẻ - người già trong gia đình

Family relationship

  • have a negative effect on family relationships = weaken family bonds = lead to arguments and conflicts between parents and their offspring # have a positive impact on family relationships = strengthen family bonds
  • spend less time with their children = devote a large amount of time to their work and seem to leave no time for their offspring
  • have the most powerful influence on a child’s development = have a profound impact on their offspring’s development
  • feel lonely and isolated = face feelings of loneliness and isolation

Những đặc điểm của trẻ em

  • Curiosity, imitate, quick to learn
  • Lack of self-control, unable to distinguish right from wrong
  • Vulnerable to negative influences
  • Critical time of physical and psychological development
  • Provide parental guidance, commit their guardianship 

Today’s children might face the following problems:

  • Sitting in front of a computer all day long
  • Watching TV programmes excessively
  • Experiencing peer pressure to have better material goods
  • Lacking interaction / communication / co-ordination with peers 
  • Living under pressure from their parents 
  • Being asked to focus on academic fields only 
  • Being self-centred and spoiled(=overindulged children) : chỉ biết sống cho bản thân và nuông chiều
  • Children nowadays rely entirely on the help of their parents (=rely heavily on the support of their parents)
  • poor children = children who come from poor family background

Children should

  • Interact/mingle/co-operate with their playmates
  • Have more outdoor activities
  • Get close to nature 
  • take part in / join extracurricular activities
  • Be supervised and restricted from reading negative information on the internet 
  • Get in touch with a wide range of sources of information to broaden their horizons 
  • Learn how to respect, behave, and love in an appropriate way 
  • …. have better education opportunities = have the chance to study abroad / to enter a prestigious university
  • are better prepared to deal with the problems of adult life (are better prepared for their future)
  • parental monitoring = parental supervision
  • become more independent = have to learn how to cook, clean, pay bills and make their own decisions

Roles of the elderly in an family

  • Providing suggestions and recommendations with abundant life experiences
  • Taking care of the family
  • Being indispensable for household issues and decision-making
  • Offering nurturing and education
  • take care of their children (=look after their offspring)

Disadvantages of living with the elderly:

  • Having different life timetables/schedules 
  • May have some conflicts
  • May be too wordy, talking about the same topic repetitively
  • May interfere in young people’s lives too much due ti the different opinions
  • There maybe a generation gap
  • May be domineering: độc đoán 

3. Tổng hợp từ vựng thường dùng trong TOPIC CHILD EDUCATION

  • Adolescent
  • Team spirit 
  • All-round
  • Adap to sth: điều chỉnh để phù hợp
  • Mature 
  • Earn a living
  • Raise a family
  • Learn by rote
  • Degree factory: nhà máy sản xuất bằng cấp
  • Learner-oriented (adj) hướng đến người học
  • Impart /convey knowledge: truyền đạt kiến thức
  • Obtain knowledge and skills
  • Practical and professional skills 
  • Become qualified employees
  • Become competitive in the job market
  • Make contributions to social progress
  • Achieve life value
  • Heavy burden of study and lack of sleep and physical exercise
  • Encourage students to think critically and independently 
  • Promote students’ physical, intellectual and emotional development
  • Help foster in the young the morally sound values and outlook on the world and life
  • A school is society in miniature: trường học là xh thu nhỏ 
  • Nurture (v) nuôi dưỡng
  • Motivate
  • Qualify (v) đủ điều kiện
  • Impressionable (adj) dễ bị tổn thương = vulnerable 
  • Naughty 
  • Couch potato: suốt ngày dán mắt vào tivi
  • Watching TV and playing computer games are two of the most important children’s leisure activities 
  • Sth brings more harm than good 
  • Too much time spent on these surely has negative impacts on kids and parents have to sort out the appropriate programs for children and curb these activities 
  • With the rapid development of science and technology, TV shows and video games are designed so vivid and attractive that it is much easier not only for kids but even for adults to get addicted to them
  • When children spend more time sitting in front of screen, they are isolated from the real world. They do not have enough time to socialize, to engage in outdoor activities which are crucial for their physical growth. Also, their eyesight will be weakened by staring at the screen for too long
  • Questionable contents on TV or computer games will will result in unexpected implications on children’s later life
  • While we are calling for world peace, our kids are, through this game, learning how to use dangerous weapons skillfully, and get used to pulling the trigger without hesitation
  • No wonder it has been reported that recently one killer of school shooting in the US used to play computer shooting games in his childhood
  • This is not to say that Parents should always keep their kids away from the screen
  • There are many educational and inspirational TV shows and computer games, which enable kids to have fun in learning process and facilitate their intellectual development
  • Children have no idea of what kinds of shows and games are appropriate, so adults must make a choice for them
  • Parents should and must take time, regardless of how busy their schedule is to guide and supervise these important activities 

4. Trẻ em, mối quan hệ giữa cha mẹ và con cái

  • kids’ emotional well-being
  • Our Teens Are More Stressed Than Ever
  • teens have worse mental health and higher levels of anxiety and depression than all other age groups
  • teens and young adults experienced a significant rise in serious psychological distress, major depression, and suicide.
  • Adolescence is a period of transformation, not mental illness
  • it’s certainly obvious that teens (just like the rest of us) spend hours every day staring at screens
  • And, adolescents are especially sensitive to the social comparisons that result from seeing carefully curated, idealized bodies and lifestyles online.
  • social media made them feel judged or bad about themselves
  • more time spent in in-person interactions (along with sports, homework, religious activity, or print media) correlated with fewer mental health problems. 
  • heavy social media use may be a sign for concern, not because it causes distress in the first place, but because it may be a symptom pointing to underlying distress. 
  • More teens than adults feel stressed by societal issues like rising suicide rates, climate change, immigration separation and deportation issues, and sexual harassment and assault. 
  • More teens than adults worry about work, money, and health alongside more age-relevant issues like bullying, peer conflict, gender identity, and sexual orientation. 
  • Parents might be mindful of buffering their own stress from their teens. 
  • But if parents pass on their stress, children can become overly stress-reactive, vigilant, and stress-sensitive.