Bài tập dạng Multiple Choice

· Reading

I. Cách làm dạng Multiple Choice

II. Bài tập chuyên đề Multiple choice

Bạn học sinh lớp IELTS READING ONLINE của IELTS TUTOR không muốn làm trên web thì có thể download xuống 9 bài reading dạng Multiple choice và in ra làm bài rồi nộp answer sheet cho giáo viên nhé:

1. Bài tập 1

1. What is dry farming?

Preserving nitrates and moisture.
Ploughing the land again and again.
Cultivating fallow land.

2. What did H. V. McKay do?

Export the stripper.
Improve the stripper.
Cut, collect and sort wheat.

3. What did the 'stump jump plough’ innovation allow farmers to do?

Cut through tree stumps.
Change the wheels for a traditional plough."
Allow farmers to cultivate land that hadn’t been fully cleared.

4. What did John Custance recommend?

Improving wheat yields.
Revitalising the industry.
Fertilizing the soil.

5. Why was William Farrer’s wheat better?

It was drought resistant.
It wasn’t from England or South Africa.
It was drier for Australian conditions.

Australian Agricultural Innovations:
1850 – 1900

During this period, there was a wide spread expansion of agriculture in Australia. The selection system was begun, whereby small sections of land were parceled out by lot. Particularly in New South Wales, this led to conflicts between small holders and the emerging squatter class, whose abuse of the system often allowed them to take vast tracts of fertile land.

There were also many positive advances in farming technology as the farmers adapted agricultural methods to the harsh Australian conditions. One of the most important was “dry farming”. This was the discovery that repeated ploughing of fallow, unproductive land could preserve nitrates and moisture, allowing the land to eventually be cultivated. This, along with the extension of the railways allowed the development of what are now great inland wheat lands.

The inland areas of Australia are less fertile than most other wheat producing countries and yields per acre are lower. This slowed their development, but also led to the development of several labour saving devices. In 1843 John Ridley, a South Australian farmer, invented “the stripper”, a basic harvesting machine. By the 1860s its use was widespread. H. V. McKay, then only nineteen, modified the machine so that it was a complete harvester: cutting, collecting and sorting. McKay developed this early innovation into a large harvester manufacturing industry centred near Melbourne and exporting worldwide. Robert Bowyer Smith invented the “stump jump plough”, which let a farmer plough land which still had tree stumps on it. It did this by replacing the traditional plough shear with a set of wheels that could go over stumps, if necessary.

The developments in farm machinery were supported by scientific research. During the late 19th century, South Australian wheat yields were going down. An agricultural scientist at the colony’s agricultural college, John Custance, found that this was due to a lack of phosphates and advised the use of soluble superphosphate fertilizer. The implementation of this scheme revitalised the industry.

From early days it had been obvious that English and European sheep breeds had to be adapted to Australian conditions, but only near the end of the century was the same applied to crops. Prior to this, English and South African strains had been use, with varying degrees of success. William Farrer, from Cambridge University, was the first to develop new wheat varieties that were better able to withstand dry Australian conditions. By 1914, Australia was no longer thought of as a land suitable only for sheep, but as a wheat growing nation.

 

2. Bài tập 2

Cách làm & Bài tập dạng Multiple Choice

Which of these statements best describes energy use in the Czech Republic?

A The country imports almost all of its energy

B The country’s need for imported energy is likely to decrease through energy efficiency

C The country considers nuclear power as one of the potential solutions to the problem of imported energy

D The country aims to double its energy efficiency between 2010 and 2030.

3. Bài tập 3

Cách làm & Bài tập dạng Multiple Choice
Cách làm & Bài tập dạng Multiple Choice
Cách làm & Bài tập dạng Multiple Choice

4. Bài tập 4

Cách làm & Bài tập dạng Multiple Choice
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5. Bài tập 5

Cách làm & Bài tập dạng Multiple Choice
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6. Bài tập 6

Cách làm & Bài tập dạng Multiple Choice
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7. Bài tập 7

Cách làm & Bài tập dạng Multiple Choice
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8. Bài tập 8

Cách làm & Bài tập dạng Multiple Choice
Cách làm & Bài tập dạng Multiple Choice
Cách làm & Bài tập dạng Multiple Choice
Cách làm & Bài tập dạng Multiple Choice
Cách làm & Bài tập dạng Multiple Choice

9. Bài tập 9

Relevant part of the passage:

The Painting Fool is one of a growing number of computer programs which, so their makers claim, possess creative talents. Classical music by an artificial composer has had audiences enraptured, and even tricked them into believing a human was behind the score. Artworks painted by a robot have sold for thousands of dollars and been hung in prestigious galleries. And software has been built which creates art that could not have been imagined by the programmer.

Human beings are the only species to perform sophisticated creative acts regularly. If we can break this process down into computer code, where does that leave human creativity? ‘This is a question at the very core of humanity,’ says Geraint Wiggins, a computational creativity researcher at Goldsmiths, University of London. ‘It scares a lot of people. They are worried that it is taking something special away from what it means to be human.’

Multiple choice questions:

27. What is the writer suggesting about computer-produced works in the first paragraph?

A People’s acceptance of them can vary considerably.
B A great deal of progress has already been attained in this field.
C They have had more success in some artistic genres than in others.
D The advances are not as significant as the public believes them to be.

28. According to Geraint Wiggins, why are many people worried by computer art?

A It is aesthetically inferior to human art.
B It may ultimately supersede human art.
C It undermines a fundamental human quality.
D It will lead to a deterioration in human ability.

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