Return to site

HƯỚNG DẪN TỪ A ĐẾN Z CÁCH DÙNG PREFER, WOULD PREFER WOULD RATHER, HAD BETTER TRONG TIẾNG ANH

(Ứng dụng trong IELTS)

· Vocabulary - Grammar

Các em đừng quên tham khảo tập hợp từ A đến Z các lưu ý các em nên nhớ trong IELTS TASK 2 WRITING mà các em cần phải nhớ nhé

1. Cách dùng PREFER

1.1. Prefer sth TO sth: thích cái gì HƠN cái gì

  • Do you prefer hot or cold weather? I prefer red wine to white. 
  • He prefers watching football to playing it. 

Ving thì cũng được tính như NOUN nên ta cũng có 1 cấu trúc nữa: PREFER VING TO VING

  • He prefers watching baseball to playing it

1.2. Prefer sth : thích cái gì hơn

  • Some people prefer a vegetarian diet, while others prefer a meat-based diet. 
  • You can detach the hood if you prefer the coat without it. 
  • We have tea and coffee, but perhaps you’d prefer a cold drink.

1.3. Prefer (not) to do sth: thích (không) làm việc gì

  • I'd prefer not to discuss this issue.
  • I'd prefer not to work but I don't have much choice. 
  • Most convalescents prefer to be cared for at home rather than in a hospital. 
  • Would you prefer to pay by cash, cheque, or credit card?
  • Would you prefer to leave?

1.4. Prefer sb (not) to do sth: thích ai đó (không) làm gì

  • I'd prefer you not to smoke (= I would like it better if you did not smoke), please.

1.5. Prefer + that + clause (mệnh đề)

  • She prefers that we meet at the station

2. CÁCH DÙNG HAD BETTER

NÊN ...

+ BARE INF

Xét ví dụ:

  • You'd better (= you should) go home now before the rain starts. 
  • He'd better pay me back that money he owes me soon, or else.

3. CÁCH DÙNG WOULD RATHER

3.1. Cấu trúc would rather ở thì hiện tại hoặc tương lai

Mang nghĩa: Thà đang làm gì đó, Thà sẽ làm gì đó (mong muốn ở hiện tại)

Công thức:

Khẳng định (+): S + would rather (‘d rather) + V (nguyên thể)

Phủ định (-): S + would rather (‘d rather) + not + V (nguyên thể)

Nghi vấn (?): Would + S + rather + V

Xét ví dụ:

  • I'd rather have a beer. 
  • Which would you rather do - go swimming or play tennis? 
  • Wouldn't you rather finish it tomorrow? 
  • He'd rather die than (= he certainly does not want to) let me think he needed help.
  • I'd rather not have any mushrooms, thanks. 
  • I'd rather get a taxi than wait for the bus. 
  • Would you rather eat now or later? 
  • I'd rather watch a film with subtitles than one dubbed into English.

3.2. Cấu trúc would rather ở thì quá khứ

Mang nghĩa: Thà đã làm gì đó

Công thức:

Khẳng định (+): S + would rather + have + V (quá khứ phân từ)

Phủ định (-): S + would rather (not) + have + V (quá khứ phân từ)

Nghi vấn (?): Would + S + rather + have + V (quá khứ phân từ)

Xét ví dụ:

  • She would rather have spent the money on a holiday. (The money wasn’t spent on a holiday.)

3.3. Cấu trúc ‘would rather than’ và ‘would rather or’

Làm cái gì ... hơn là cái gì

Làm cái gì ... hay là ...

Xét ví dụ:

  • Would you rather eat here or go out?
  • Would you rather study or watch TV?
  • Would you rather eat dinner out than cook dinner tonight?

3.4. Cấu trúc ‘would rather’ với 2 chủ ngữ

3.4.1. Cấu trúc ‘would rather’ ở hiện tại hoặc tương lai

Mong muốn ai đó làm gì ở hiện tại hoặc tương lai

Sẽ lùi thì so với would rather hiện tại ở trên nhé:

Công thức:

Khẳng định (+): S1 + would rather (that) + S2 + V (quá khứ)

Phủ định (-): S1 + would rather (that) + S2 + not + V (quá khứ)

Nghi vấn (?): Would + S + rather + S2 + V (quá khứ)

Xét ví dụ:

  • She’d rather you didn’t phone after 10 o’clock.
  • I would rather they did something about it instead of just talking about it. (past simple to talk about the present or future)

  • Would you rather I wasn’t honest with you? (past simple to talk about the present or future)

3.4.2. Cấu trúc ‘would rather’ ở quá khứ

Công thức:

Khẳng định (+): S1 + would rather (that) + S2+ had + V (quá khứ phân từ)

Phủ định (-):S1 + would rather (that) + S2+ hadn’t + V (quá khứ phân từ)

Nghi vấn (?): Would + S + rather + S2 + had + V (quá khứ phân từ)

Xét ví dụ:

  • I’d rather you hadn’t rung me at work. (past perfect to talk about the past)

3.5. Much rather: nhấn mạnh

Xét ví dụ:

  • I’d much rather make a phone call than send an email.

  • She’d much rather they didn’t know about what had happened.

Các khóa học IELTS online 1 kèm 1 - 100% cam kết đạt target 6.0 - 7.0 - 8.0 - Đảm bảo đầu ra - Thi không đạt, học lại FREE

>> IELTS Intensive Writing - Sửa bài chi tiết

>> IELTS Intensive Listening

>> IELTS Intensive Reading

>> IELTS Intensive Speaking

All Posts
×

Almost done…

We just sent you an email. Please click the link in the email to confirm your subscription!

OK