Từ & mẫu câu đồng nghĩa (Synonyms) tiếng anh

· Writing,Vocabulary - Grammar
  • Từ đồng nghĩa hay còn gọi là Synonym rất rất quan trọng trong IELTS cả 4 kĩ năng, tuy nhiên không nhiều bạn biết cách học từ đồng nghĩa synonym như thế nào cho hợp lí. Hôm nay, IELTS TUTOR xin giới thiệu đến các bạn tầm quan trọng của Synonym
  • Đối với Reading, hôm trước IELTS TUTOR đã có giới thiệu đến các em tầm quan trọng của từ vựng đối với IELTS READING các em tìm đọc nhé!

1. Tầm quan trọng của từ đồng nghĩa trong IELTS Writing

  • Từ đồng nghĩa quá quan trọng lí do là vì các bạn sẽ phải sử dụng từ đồng nghĩa trong việc Paraphrase lại câu hỏi của đề bài
  • Có rất nhiều cách Paraphrase nhưng một trong những cách dễ và hiệu quả nhất là sử dụng từ đồng nghĩa

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

Ví dụ 1:

The best way to solve the world’s environmental problems is to increase the cost of fuel. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

  • Way = feasible measure
  • Environmental problem = environmental degradation
  • Increase the cost of fuel = raise the price of fuel
  • The best way to solve = an effective solution

Như vậy sau khi paraphrase từ đồng nghĩa xong, IELTS TUTOR sẽ có câu:

  • Environmental degradation is one of the most alarming issues that we are facing. While some people agree that the most feasible measure to deal with this problem is to raise the price of fuel, I think it is an effective solution, but far from being the best.

Ví dụ 2:

On the one hand, it is undeniable that the higher cost of fuel will ameliorate environmental contamination. The more expensive gas, petrol and oil become, the less people burn them for commuting demand. For this reason, CO2 emissions will decline dramatically, curbing the possibility of global warming. Furthermore, this money can be invested in reducing the quantity of pollutants released into the air. For example, government will have more funding for research projects to find out eco-friendly energy sources or upgrade pollutant treating system, so the environment can be protected.

  • The higher cost of fuel = the more expensive gas, petrol and oil become
  • Ameliorate environmental contamination = environment can be protected

Ví dụ 3:

Many students often have difficulty getting a job after graduation

= Many students often have problems finding work upon graduation

= Many university graduates struggle to find work

Ví dụ 4:

There are several benefits to studying arts subjects at school

=There are several benefits to the introduction of arts-based subjects within a school environment

Ví dụ 5:

It seems to me that it would be better for primary school students to start school at the age of five /when they reach five years of age

= In my view, it would be better for primary school students to start school at the age of five /when they reach five years of age

Ví dụ 6:

It is not easy for most young people to find work in big cities

= Finding work in a big city has never been easy for young job seekers

Ví dụ 7:

Children can gain a great deal of real experience if they start work from a young age

= Children can gain a great amount of practical experience if they start work from a young age

Ví dụ 8:

Children should be taught to be independent from a young age

= Children should be trained in life skills from a young age

Ví dụ 9:

If students work hard, they will be more likely to be successful in their (future) careers.

= Working harder makes students more likely to succeed in their future life

= Hard work plays an important role in career success.

Ví dụ 10:

The elderly (old people) will stay healthy if they exercise regularly

= It would be beneficial for the elderly to exercise on a regular basis.

Ví dụ 11:

Qualifications are not always important because many jobs require real experience.

= Many jobs require real/practical experience rather than qualifications

Ví dụ 12:

For (university) graduates, it is not easy to get a high-paying job.

= It has never been easy for recent graduates to find well remunerated work

Ví dụ 13:

What many university graduates need is a high-paying job

= a well paid job is what many graduates want

Ví dụ 14:

The labour market is becoming increasingly competitive, which causes many people who do not have any qualifications to find it difficult get a good job

Áp dụng paraphrase với từ đồng nghĩa IELTS TUTOR sẽ có các câu mới sau đây:

= The labour market is becoming increasingly competitive

, which causes many people without any qualifications to struggle to get a good job.

= An increasingly competitive labour market

means that many people without any qualifications struggle to get a good job

= An increasingly competitive labour market means fewer job opportunities for recent graduates

2. Cách học từ đồng nghĩa

  • Học theo chủ đề
Có thể dựa theo một số Topic quen thuộc trong IELTS như Education, Environment, Technology... để chọn lọc được những từ đồng nghĩa thích hợp cho mình để học
  • Sử dụng từ điển online Thesaurus (gặp từ nào paraphrase từ đó, tra rồi học thêm): 

Trang từ điển này cung cấp rất đa dạng các từ đồng nghĩa, khoảng 30 từ được sắp xếp theo mức độ đồng nghĩa khác nhau.

Trong trang web này, IELTS TUTOR có cung cấp rất nhiều cách paraphrase các bạn học sinh lớp IELTS ONLINE của IELTS TUTOR nhớ tham khảo thêm

3. Các từ đồng nghĩa thường gặp

1. CHILDREN

  • (Primary/Primary) School children
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: The government should ban advertising aimed at primary schoolchildren
  • Purpil
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: A primary school in London started to provide free meals for its pupils last year.

2. SCHOOL

  • Educational institution
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: In some educational institutions, there are significantly more males than females.

3. PEOPLE

  • The public, humans, many
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • The government should provide better education and health services for the public.

      • For many, money is even more important than their family.

      • We as humans should take action to protect the environment

      • The public should have better access to education.

4. GOVERNMENT

  • The authorities
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • The authorities should ensure that all people are treated with an equal amount of respect.
  • Political leaders
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: All political leaders should use their position to bring greater understanding of the dangers of human trafficking

5. Try & Spend money

  • Resources = all the money, property, skills etc that you have available to use when you need them
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: 
      • The government tries to ensure (that) global companies pay their taxes in the UK
      • The government should PUT MORE RESOURCES INTO ensuring global firms pay their taxes in the UK
      • The government needs to spend more money on building cheap houses

        = The government needs TO PUT MORE RESOURCES INTO building affordable housing

6. Cannot & difficult

  • Many children CANNOT read or write because the quality of education is decreasing
    • IELTS TUTOR có thể paraphrase thành các câu như sau:
      • Dùng ...FIND IT DIFFICULT TO .... / Struggle

        • Sau khi đổi các từ đồng nghĩa câu mới của IELTS TUTOR sẽ là: Many children STRUGGLE to read or write because the quality of education is decreasing.

      • Dùng Make / leave sb unable to do sth:

        • Sau khi đổi các từ đồng nghĩa câu mới của IELTS TUTOR sẽ là: The quality of education is decreasing, which LEAVES / MAKES many children UNABLE to read or

7. Related to

  • There are social and medical problems related to the use of mobile phones
    • ⇒ There are social and medical problems associated with the use of mobile phones
    • ⇒ There are several health and social drawbacks involved in using mobile phones

8. Such as

  • Many people worldwide are facing health problems such as cancer
    • ⇒ Many people worldwide are facing health problems including cancer

9. Affect one’s health = have a negative impact on people's health

  • The smoking industry brings economic benefits, but smoking affects people's health
    • ⇒ While the smoking industry brings economic benefits, it is AT THE EXPENSE OF PEOPLE'S HEALTH
    • ⇒ Air pollution levels in big cities have been on the rise, PUTTING PEOPLE'S HEALTH AT RISK.

10. (children) grow up

  • If children are maltreated, when they grow up, their health will be not good
    • ⇒ Those who WERE MALTREATED AS CHILDREN are more likely to have poor health later in life
    • ⇒ Those who were maltreated as children often GROW UP TO HAVE health problems

11. For example/instance

  • A good example of this is (that) = A typical example of this is that
  • To illustrate,
  • This has been proved
  • This is particularly the case for ...( = this is true for)

IELTS TUTOR có các ví dụ sau:

  • Playing video games can be very harmful. For example, many students find it hard to concentrate on their studies due to prolonged exposure to a screen.
    • ⇒ Playing video games can be very harmful. A GOOD EXAMPLE OF THIS is that many students find it hard to concentrate on their studies due to prolonged screen exposure
    • ⇒ Playing video games can be very harmful. THIS IS PARTICULARLY THE CASE FOR those who are unable to concentrate on their studies due to prolonged screen exposure

12. LIFE

Many children do not enjoy their studies at school = Many children do not like to study at school.

⇒ Some children find SCHOOL LIFE harder than others

Many people find life in a big city less enjoyable than (that) in the countryside.

⇒ For many, CITY LIFE is less enjoyable than COUNTRYSIDE LIFE

13. Educate

The government should educate

⇒ The government should LAUNCH EDUCATION PROGRAMMES to discourage smoking

⇒ The government should RAISE PUBLIC AWARENESS OF the potential dangers of video games.

14. SO THAT = in a way that

He has been working hard throughout the year, so he can support his family financially.

⇒ He has been working hard throughout the year so that he can support his family financially

  • Many people eat IN A WAY THAT is harmful to their health
  • People should live IN A WAY THAT is kinder to the environment

  • Students should study in the way that is most suitable for them
  • Students should study in a way that is suitable for them
  • Students should study in a way that is suitable for them

15. Các từ đồng nghĩa khác

And:

In addition to, besides, additionally, likewise, plus, furthermore, moreover, next, additionally.

Or:

Else, otherwise, alternatively, instead, as a substitute.

But:

On the other hand, then again , on the contrary, in contrast, however, then again, in spite of that, nonetheless, instead, even so, alternatively.

Because:

Given that, as, since, for the reason that >> IELTS TUTOR có giải thích cách dùng Given that rồi nhé

Hence:

Thus, so, likewise, therefore, consequently, that is why, for this reason, above and beyond.

Then:

Next, after that, it follows that, followed by, subsequently, afterward/afterwards, therefore.

In fact:

As a matter of fact, actually, in reality, essentially, in truth, indeed, in effect, in operation.

Begin:

Start, initiate, commence, originate, create, instigate, activate, launch, open.

Conclude:

To sum up, wrap up, deduce, to draw a conclusion.

Exemplify:

Illustrate, demonstrate, represent, embody, epitomise, show.

Agree:

Consent, approve, concur, harmonise, be in accord, endorse, support, back up.

Disagree:

Deny, refute, reject, repudiate, renounce, abjure, contradict, disapprove, oppose.

Rise:

Increase, grow, go up, mount, ascend, upsurge, spread, and intensify, develop, climb, get higher.

Arise:

Develop, evolve, happen, occur, take place, appear.

Decline:

Reject, decrease, diminish, refuse, minimise, fall, lessen, turn down.

Vary:

Differ, fluctuate, diverge, show a discrepancy, change, alter, contrast.

Do:

Carry out, accomplish, perform, act, take action, take steps, play a part, execute, act upon, produce a result.

Utilize:

Make use of, draw on, benefit from, amplify, take advantages of, make the most of, capitalise on, maximise.

Achieve:

Accomplish, attain, complete, bring out, get, reach, do.

Fail:

Be unsuccessful, abort, end, terminate.

Compete:

Rivalry, antagonism, contest, fight, battle, resist, thrash about, retaliate, brawl, stand up for.

Help:

Aid, assist, support, lend a hand, abet.

Need:

Demand, want, require, necessitate, requirement, requisite, fundamental, destitution.

Good:

Fine, superior, excellent, decent, high quality, first class, moral, upright, noble, worthy, pleasant, delightful, advantageous, useful, fair, benefit.

Bad:

Terrible, awful, dreadful, ghastly, evil, wicked, poor, inferior, flawed, troublesome, mischievous, regretful, guilty, injurious, harmful, adverse, rotten, rancid.

Beautiful:

Lovely, pretty, gorgeous, splendid, magnificent, attractive, good looking, attractive, charming, exquisite, cute, appealing, nice looking, sweet, elegant, striking, stunning, dazzling, grand, superb, wonderful, astounding, superb, fabulous.

4. Mẫu câu đồng nghĩa thường gặp

4.1. Although

  • Although + clause = In spite of + noun/gerund
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Although it rained heavily, I went to school. = In spite of the heavy rain, I went to school.
  • Although + clause = Despite + noun/gerund
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Although he was injured, he went to school. = Despite being injured/the injury, he went to school.

4.2. tính từ trước noun chuyển thành sau noun

  • S + V + N = S + be + adj
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: She is an intelligent girl. = She is intelligent.

4.3. S + be + adj = S + V + O

  • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: 
    • That movie is touching. = I think that movie touches me deeply.

4.4. Prefer

  • S + prefer = S + would rather + V
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: I prefer going to the cinema. = I would rather go to the cinema.
  • S + V + O = S + find + it (unreal objective) + adj + to + V
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: I think this book is difficult. = I find it difficult to read this book.

4.5. be supposed to do sth

  • It’s one’s duty to do sth = S + be + supposed to do sth
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: It’s students’ duty to complete their homework. = Students are supposed to complete their homework.

4.6. Cấu trúc ENOUGH, TOO, SO, SO...THAT, SUCH, SUCH...THAT VÀ VERY

4.7. Because

  • Because + clause = Because of + noun/gerund
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Because it rained, I stayed at home. = Because of the rain, I stayed at home.

Ps: Còn điều gì các em còn thắc mắc trong IELTS nữa không, có thể comment phía dưới để IELTS TUTOR giải đáp nhé! Các em nên share bài Blog lại để khi cần học thì có ngay để học luôn nhé

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