Tổng hợp từ đồng nghĩa thường gặp IELTS READING

· Reading

Bên cạnh Hướng dẫn đề thi IELTS 21/11/2020 bài WRITING TASK 2 về Relocating Business to Regional Areas, IELTS TUTOR tổng hợp các từ Synonyms thường gặp trong các bài IELTS READING, việc học từ vựng đồng nghĩa sẽ nâng cao thêm khả năng nhận diện các keywords được paraphrase, nhờ đó có thể tăng khả năng khoanh vùng đoạn chứa đáp án trong khi làm bài IELTS READING!

A

  • ability = capacity, capability (the same as ability)
  • abundant = ample (enough and usually extra), plentiful (enough for people’s needs and wants)
  • accurate = precise (precise is exact and accurate in all details), exact (correct in every detail)
  • always = invariably (the same as always, but better than always)
  • ancient = archaic (extremely old and extremely old-fashioned)
  • appear = emerge (come into existence) = to seem
  • attack = assault (physically attack someone), assail (attack violently)
  • attractive = appealing (pleasing and attractive), absorbing (something absorbing can attract you a great deal)
  • avoid = shun (if someone shuns something, she/he deliberately avoids that something or keeps away from it.)
  • about = approximately
  • abstract = summary
  • to accomplish = to achieve
  • to accumulate = to build up
  • to administer = to manage
  • to admit = to confess
  • almost = nearly
  • animated = lively
  • to annoy = to irritate, to bother
  • to answer = to reply
  • anyway = besides
  • apparent = obvious
  • applicable = relevant
  • appreciable = considerable
  • ardour = passion
  • arise = occur
  • aromatic = fragrant
  • to arrive = to reach
  • artful = crafty
  • association = organization
  • to assure = to guarantee
  • attractive = appealing
  • away = absent
  • awful = terrible = Abominable, Dreadful
  • Amazing = Incredible, Fantastic, Fabulous, Astonishing, Extraordinary
  • Answer = Respond

B

  • based on = derived from (can see or notice them very easily)
  • best = optimal (used to describe the best level something can achieve)
  • big = massive (large in size, quantity, or extent), colossal (use this word, you emphasize something’s large), tremendous (informal)
  • blame = condemn (if you condemn something, you say it is very bad and unacceptable)
  • boring = tedious (if you describe something tedious, you mean it is boring and frustrating)
  • build = erect (you can erect something as buildings, FORMAL), establish
  • backbone = spine
  • backside = behind, bottom
  • bad (not good) = poor, naughty
  • ballot = poll
  • to bear on sth. = to affect
  • to beat = to defeat
  • becoming = fitting
  • to begin = to start
  • to behave = to act
  • believable = plausible
  • belly = stomach
  • bendy = flexible
  • beneficent = generous
  • beneficial = favourable
  • bid = tender
  • bizarre = weird
  • blameless = innocent
  • bloodbath = massacre
  • bloodless = cold
  • branch = department
  • brave = courageous
  • to bring sth. back = to reintroduce
  • to bring sth. on = to cause
  • to bring sb. up = to raise
  • brow = forehead
  • bum = backside, behind, bottom
  • business = commerce, trade
  • busy (telephone) = engaged
  • Bad = Evil, Spoiled, Imperfect, Infamous, Dismal
  • Beautiful = Gorgeous, Ravishing, Dazzling, Exquisite, Stunning
  • Begin = Initiate, Commence, Inaugurate
  • Big = Huge, Enormous, Gigantic, Humongous, Substantial, Mammoth
  • Break = Rupture, Fracture, Shatter

C

  • careful = cautious (very careful in order to avoid danger), prudent(careful and sensible)
  • change = convert (change into another form)
  • cold = chilly (unpleasantly cold), icy(extremely cold)
  • common = universal, ubiquitous(if something is ubiquitous, it seems to be every where)
  • competitor = rival, opponent (especially in sports and politics)
  • complain = grumble (complain something in a bad-tempered way)
  • complex = intricate (if something is intricate, it often has many small parts and details)
  • crazily = frantically (used to describe someone who behaves in a wild and uncontrolled way)
  • candy = sweet
  • to categorize = to classify
  • charter = constitution
  • cheesy = corny, tacky
  • chiefly = mainly
  • choosy = picky
  • to chop = to cut
  • chorus = refrain
  • citation = quotation
  • to cite = to quote
  • class = lesson, course
  • clerk = receptionist
  • clever = intelligent
  • to close = to shut
  • to collapse = to break down
  • to collect = to gather
  • comfort = consolation
  • comic = comedian
  • commencement = graduation
  • complete = total
  • completely = totally
  • concord = harmony
  • to condemn = to sentence
  • confederate = accomplice
  • to confine = to restrict
  • conflict = clash
  • to conform = to comply
  • to confuse = to mix up
  • to connect = to associate, to put through (telephone)
  • considerate = thoughtful
  • constancy = fidelity
  • constant = fixed
  • constitution = structure
  • construction (lit.) = interpretation
  • to consult = to refer to
  • contemporary = modern
  • continuous = continual
  • contrary = opposite
  • convention = conference
  • to convey = to communicate
  • to cope = to manage
  • correct = right
  • couch = sofa
  • curative = healing
  • curler = roller
  • cussed = stubborn
  • Calm = Serene, Peace, Tranquil
  • Come = Approach, Arrive
  • Cool = Chilly, Frosty, Icy
  • Cut = Chop, Slash, Slit

D

  • dangerous = perilous (very dangerous, hazardous) (dangerous, especially to people’s safety and health)
  • decorate = embellish (embellish means make something look more attractive via decorating it with something else)
  • despite = notwithstanding (FORMAL)
  • difficult = arduous (if something is arduous, it is difficult and tiring, and involves a lot of efforts) = formidable
  • dislike = abhor (abhor means you hate something to a extreme extent for moral reasons), loathe (dislike very much)
  • disorder = disarray, chaos
  • diverse = miscellaneous (a miscellaneous groups consists of many different kinds of things)
  • dreadful, unfavorable, poor, adverse, ill = be less impressive
  • dubious = skeptical (if you are skeptical about something, you have doubts on it.)
  • dash = sprint
  • daybreak = dawn
  • deceptive = misleading
  • decontrol = deregulate
  • dedicated = committed
  • to deduce = to infer
  • defective = faulty
  • deliberate = planned
  • deliberately = intentionally
  • delicate = fragile
  • to demonstrate = to protest
  • denims = jeans
  • to denote = to indicate, to represent
  • to deprave = to corrupt
  • depraved = wicked, evil
  • to desert = to abandon
  • deserted = abandoned
  • destiny = fate
  • detached = indifferent
  • devil = Satan
  • dicey = risky
  • to differentiate = to distinguish
  • to diminish = to decrease
  • disadvantaged = deprived
  • disagreeable = unpleasant
  • to disappear = to vanish
  • disaster = catastrophe
  • to disclaim = to deny
  • to disclose = to reveal
  • discount = reduction
  • disgrace = shame
  • domesticate = cultivate
  • dubious = doubtful
  • dull=Boring, Uninteresting, Monotonous, Humdrum, Dreary
  • Dangerous=Hazardous, Risky, Precarious
  • Decide=Determine, Settle
  • Definite=Certain, Positive, Obvious
  • Delicious=Savoury, Titbit, Delectable
  • Describe=Portray, Characterize
  • Destroy=Demolish, Slay, Ruin, Raze
  • Difference=Disagreement, Inequity, Dissimilarity

E

  • enlarge = magnify (magnify means make something larger than it really is)
  • enthusiasm = zeal (a great enthusiasm), fervency (sincere and enthusiasm)
  • expensive = exorbitant (it means too expensive that it should be)
  • eager = keen
  • earth = soil
  • economic = profitable
  • egocentric = selfish
  • to elevate = to raise, to promote
  • to emphasise = to stress
  • to encounter = to come across
  • enormous = huge, immense
  • to enquire = to investigate
  • equity = fairness
  • especially = particularly
  • essential = fundamental
  • to establish = to set up
  • to evaluate = to assess
  • everlasting = eternal
  • exactly = precisely
  • except = apart from
  • to expire = to run out
  • to explode = to blow up
  • extra = additional
  • End=Terminate, Conclude, Cessation
  • Explain=Elaborate, Interpret

G

  • garbage = rubbish
  • garbage can = trashcan
  • to glitter = to sparkle
  • to grab = to seize
  • grasping = greedy
  • gravestone = headstone
  • to grouse = to grumble
  • gut = intestine
  • Get=Acquire, Obtain, Secure, Procure, Gather
  • Good=Excellent, Fine, Wonderful, Superior, Gracious, Superb, Splendid, Genuine, Sterling, Top-notch
  • Great=Worthy, Distinguished, Grand, Considerable, Mighty

F

  • fair = impartial (someone who is impartial is able to give a fair opinion or decision on something.)
  • fame = prestige (describe those who are admired), reputation
  • famous = distinguished (used to describe people who are successful in their career)
  • field = domain (a particular field of thought, activities or interest)
  • for my part, from my own perspective = in my opinion
  • force = coerce into (coerce means you make someone do something she/he does not want to), compel
  • forever = perpetual (a perpetual state never changes), immutable (something immutable will never change or be changed)
  • fragile = brittle, vulnerable (someone who is vulnerable is easily hurt emotionally or physically)
  • to fabricate = to manufacture
  • famous = famed, renowned
  • fanatic = enthusiast
  • fantastic = great, brilliant
  • to float = to drift
  • fool = idiot
  • foolish = silly
  • forehead = brow
  • to foretell = to predict
  • formerly = previously
  • fortunate = lucky
  • fragrance = perfume
  • French dressing = vinaigrette
  • to function = to operate
  • Fall=Drop, Descend, Topple
  • Famous=Well-known, Renowned, Eminent, Illustrious
  • Fast=Quick, Rapid, Hasty, Snappy
  • Fat=Stout, Corpulent, Chubby, Bulky
  • Funny=Amusing, Humorous, Droll

H

  • hard-working = assiduous (someone who is assiduous works hard or does things very thoroughly)
  • hot = boiling (very hot)
  • hall = corridor
  • to hand sth. out = to distribute
  • handsome = good-looking
  • hang-out = haunt
  • happily = fortunately
  • hard = tough
  • hashish = cannabis
  • to hawk = to peddle
  • to hazard = to endanger
  • hearsay = rumour
  • highbrow = intellectual
  • hint = trace, tip
  • hole = gap
  • home = domestic
  • homicide = murder
  • housebreaking = burglary
  • hunger = starvation
  • to hurry = to rush
  • hypothesis = speculation

I

  • important = crucial (extremely important), significant(amount or effects large enough to be important)
  • individuals, characters, folks = people, persons
  • insult = humiliate (do something or say something which makes people feel ashamed or stupid)
  • Lonely = solitary (if someone is solitary, there is no one near him/her)

L

  • luxurious = lavish (impressive and very expensive), sumptuous (grand and very expensive)

N

  • near = adjacent (two things next to each other), adjoin(the same as adjacent)
  • neglect = ignore. (difference: neglect means someone has not paid enough attention to something; ignore means no attention.)
  • nowadays = currently

O

  • obvious = apparent, manifest
  • only = unique (the only one of its kind), distinctive;
  • opinion = perspective, standpoint(means looking at an event or situation in a particular way)
  • ordinary = mundane (very ordinary and not at interesting or unusual)
  • Old=Feeble, Ancient, Aged, Veteran, Mature, Primitive, Stale

P

  • part = component (the components of something are the parts that it is made of)
  • pathetic = lamentable (very uncomfortable and disappointing)
  • poor (soil) = barren, infertile (used to describe the soil is so poor that plants cannot be planted on it)
  • possible = feasible (if something is feasible, it can be done, made or achieved)
  • praise = extol (stronger than praise), compliment(polite and political)
  • primary = radical (very important and great in degree), fundamental
  • pursue = woo (man woos woman, old-fashioned), seek (if you seek sth, you try to obtain it. FORMAL)
  • puzzle = perplex (something perplex someone means it confuses and worries him/her because he/she does not understand it)
  • Place=Draw, Map, Diagram, Procedure, Method, Blueprint

Q

  • quiet = tranquil (calm and peaceful), serene (calm and quiet)
  • quite = fairly

R

  • rapid = meteoric (ATTENTION: meteoric is only used to describe someone achieves success quickly)
  • rare = infrequent (doesn’t happen often)
  • reap huge fruits = get many benefits
  • relieve = alleviate (alleviate means you make pain or sufferings less intense or severe)
  • respect = esteem (if you esteem someone, you respect and admire him/her. FORMAL)
  • result = consequence (the results or effects of something)
  • rich= affluent (if you are affluent, you have a lot of money)
  • ruin = devastate (it means damage something very badly, or utterly destroy it.)

S

  • satisfy = gratify (if you are gratified by something, it gives you pleasure and satisfaction)
  • Scholarship = fellowship
  • sharp = acute (severe and intense)
  • short = fleeting, ephemeral (if something is ephemeral, it lasts a short time)
  • show = demonstrate (to demonstrate a fact means to make it clear to people.)
  • small = minuscule (very small), minute,
  • smelly = malodorous (used to describe an unpleasant smell)
  • so = consequently, accordingly
  • stick = adhere, cling (hold on something tightly)
  • stop = cease (if something ceases, it stops happening or existing)
  • strange = eccentric (if some one is eccentric, she/he behaves in a strange way, or his/her opinion is different from most people)
  • surprise = startle (it means surprise you slightly), astound (surprise you to a large degree), astonish(the same as astound)
  • Show=Display, Exhibit, Indicate, Reveal, Demonstrate

T

  • top = peak, summit
  • typical = quintessential (this word means represent a typical example of something)
  • Tell=Disclose, Reveal, Expose, Narrate, Inform, Divulge

U

  • ugly = hideous (if something is hideous, it is very ugly or unattractive)
  • unbelievable = inconceivable (if you deem something inconceivable, you think it very unlike to happen )
  • use = Employ, Utilize, Exhaust, Spend

V

  • vague = obscure (unknown or known by only a few people)
  • wet = moist (slightly wet), damp (slightly wet), humid (very damp and hot)

W

  • whole = entire (the whole of something)
  • worry = fret (if you fret about something, you worry about it)
  • wrong = erroneous (incorrect or partly correct)

H

    • hall = corridor
    • to hand sth. out = to distribute
    • handsome = good-looking
    • hang-out = haunt
    • happily = fortunately
    • hard = tough
    • to hawk = to peddle
    • to hazard = to endanger
    • hearsay = rumour
    • hermetic = airtight
    • highbrow = intellectual
    • hint = trace, tip
    • hole = gap
    • home = domestic
    • homicide = murder
    • housebreaking = burglary
    • hunger = starvation
    • to hurry = to rush
    • hypothesis = speculation
    • Happy=Pleased, Delighted, Elated, Joyful, Ecstatic, Jubilant, Jaunty
    • Hate=Despise, Loathe, Abhor, Abominate
    • Have=Possess, Own, Acquire,
    • Help=Aid, Assist, Support, Encourage, Relieve
    • Hide=Conceal, Cover, Mask, Veil

    I

      • if = whether
      • to ignore = to disregard
      • illiberal = intolerant
      • to illuminate = to clarify; to light up
      • to illustrate = to demonstrate
      • to imagine = to suppose, to assume
      • to imitate = to mimic
      • immediate = instant
      • immobile = motionless
      • immoderate = excessive
      • immodest = conceited
      • to impact = to affect
      • impartial = neutral
      • impasse = deadlock
      • impassive = emotionless
      • impediment = obstacle
      • imperative = vital
      • impolite = rude
      • incidentally = by the way
      • inconsiderate = thoughtless
      • indisputable = undeniable
      • infamous = notorious
      • to infect = to contaminate
      • inflexible = rigid
      • inflow = influx
      • informal = casual
      • infrequent = rare
      • inheritor = heir
      • innocent = harmless
      • insolvent = bankrupt
      • to inspect = to examine
      • instinct = intuition
      • instructions = directions
      • insufferable = unbearable
      • insufficient = inadequate
      • insupportable = intolerable
      • insurgent = rebel
      • intellectual = mental
      • to intend = to mean
      • to intensify = to heighten
      • interplay = interaction
      • inventory = stock
      • invoice = bill
      • to involve = to entail
      • isolated = lonely
      • Idea=Thought, Concept, Notion
      • Important=Necessary, Vital, Critical, Indispensable, Valuable, Essential, Famous, Notable
      • Interesting=Fascinating, Engaging, Spirited, Intriguing, Gripping, Enthralling, Captivating

      J

        • jealous = envious
        • joy = delight

        K

          • knowingly = deliberately

          L

            • lacking = missing
            • last = final
            • leading = main
            • to learn = to memorize
            • legitimate = valid, legal
            • lethal = deadly
            • livable = habitable
            • livid = furious
            • lousy = awful
            • Little=Tiny, Diminutive, Exiguous, Dinky, Cramped
            • Look=Gaze, Glance, Peek, Glimpse, Stare, Leer
            • Love=Like, Admire, Fancy, Care for, Adore

            M

              • madness = insanity
              • magician = conjuror
              • magistrate = Justice of the Peace
              • to magnify = to exaggerate
              • to maintain = to preserve
              • manmade = artificial
              • mannequin = model
              • material = fabric
              • matters = things
              • maybe = perhaps, possibly
              • in the meantime = meanwhile
              • measure = degree
              • meeting = assembly
              • merciless = cruel
              • middleman = intermediary
              • midway = halfway
              • to migrate = emigrate
              • mild = gentle
              • to mimic = to imitate
              • mind = intellect
              • mindless = senseless
              • to minimize = to play down
              • to mirror = to reflect
              • to misconceive = to misunderstand
              • miserable = depressing
              • misery = distress
              • misread = misinterpret
              • missing = lost
              • mistrust = distrust
              • moderately = reasonably
              • modern = contemporary
              • more and more = increasingly
              • moreover = in addition
              • movie = film
              • murderer = assassin
              • Make=Create, Originate, Invent, Construct, Manufacture, Produce, Compose
              • Move=Plod, Creep, Crawl, Drag, Toddle, shuffle, Trot, Lumber, Meander

              N

                • naked = bare
                • nameless = anonymous
                • napkin = serviette
                • to narrate = to relate
                • a narrative = a story
                • a native = a local
                • to near = to approach
                • necessary = essential
                • nightfall = dusk
                • nobility = the Aristocracy
                • to nominate = to appoint
                • non-stop = continuous
                • noon = midday
                • noted = famous
                • to notify = to inform
                • notwithstanding = however
                • Numerous = many
                • Neat=Orderly, Tidy, Trim, Natty, Smart, Elegant
                • New=Unique, Modern, Current, Recent

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