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TỪ VỰNG IELTS WRITING TOPIC CITY, COUNTRYSIDE & URBANIZATION

· Vocabulary - Grammar,Writing

Bên cạnh tổng hợp đầy đủ các lưu ý cần phải nhớ trong IELTS WRITING, Urbanization/Countryside là một trong những chủ đề xuất hiện rất nhiều trong các đề thi nhiều năm nay, hôm nay IELTS TUTOR tổng hợp từ vựng thuộc Topic này qua đó em sẽ nắm rất kĩ từ vựng của topic nhé

1. Từ vựng Topic TRAFFIC AND TRANSPORT

Có thể xem trực tiếp:

  • transport infrastructure = the basic structure on which a transport system is built and which makes it able to work

EX: Developing international tourism in this area may add to the burdens on the already-overburdened transport infrastructure.

  • road network= a large road system consisting of many similar parts that are connected together

EX: Some people complain that the quiet countryside has been ruined by road networks.

  • traffic bottleneck= a place where a road is narrow or blocked

EX: The traffic bottlenecks make goods transport difficult.

  • the volume of traffic= the total amount of traffic

EX: The volume of traffic on the roads has increased dramatically.

  • traffic density= the amount of traffic in a place

EX: Aerial photos can show traffic density.

  • be jam-packed= full of people or things that are very close together

EX: The bus terminal was jam-packed with commuters.

  • commuter= someone who has to travel a long distance to work every day The bus was jam-packed with complaining commuters.
  • petrol= a liquid that is used to supply power to vehicles EX: The report gives monthly summaries of regional petrol prices for the UK.
  • hybrid car= a car that uses two or more power sources EX:These experts argue that a hybrid car is as reliable as any traditional car.
  • �Fuel consumption= the burning of coal, gas or oil to produce heat or power EX:Driving at high speeds significantly increases your fuel consumption.
  • reckless driving= driving without worrying about the possible results EX:He was found guilty of reckless driving, fined heavily and disqualified from driving for three months.
  • drunk driving= unable to control someone’s own driving behaviour because he/she hasdrunk too much alcohol EX:Drunk driving may cause bodily harm or death and thus should be legally prohibited.
  • impair a person’s driving ability= reduce one’s driving ability EX:Even the smallest amount of alcohol in the blood can impair a person’s driving ability.
  • get somewhere safe and sound = get somewhere unharmed EX:It was a difficult drive but we arrived home safe and sound.
  • at the intersection= at a place where roads join or cross each other EX:One way of making sure that the pedestrians are safe is to increase signage at the intersections.
  • go over the speed limit= drive a car faster than the fastest speed legally allowed EX:Going over the speed limit is particularly dangerous when it snows.

2. Từ vựng Topic Construction:

  • under construction= being built
  • the construction industry= the building industry
  • be a showcase for... = be the event or situation that makes it possible for the best features of sth. to be seen

EX:Buildings are showcases for the artistic achievement of citizens.

  • represent sth. = be typical of sth.

EX:This building is significant because its exterior represents an excellent example of the post-modem style of architecture.

  • central location= convenient for using shopping centres, theaters, etc.

What about the location? It ’d be nice to be central.

  • elegant= with a pleasing and stylish appearance

EX:The Palace of Westminster is visually elegant.

 

  •  be spacious = have a great deal of space inside

EX:Schools are usually modem in design and spacious inside.

  • be a very significant landmark= be an easily recognisable building

EX:This building is a very significant landmark in the neighbourhood.

  • be an eyesore=be a blot on the landscape= (of buildings) make a place less attractive

EX:Timothy thinks that outlandish-looking building is a blot on the landscape

  • commercial building= a building that is used for business activities

EX:The project aims to improve the energy efficiency of commercial buildings

  • residential building= a building that is used for dwelling purposes

EX:They are conducting research on the energy consumed in residential buildings

  • theme park= a park that contains a wide variety of rides and shows

EX:The young couple got great fun and enjoyment by visiting the popular theme parks

  • convert sth. into... = cause sth. to change in form

EX:It’s now in the process o f being converted into a film museum.

3. Từ vựng Topic Countrysides

  • be surrounded by open/ picturesque countryside : được bao quanh bởi vùng quê rộng rãi/ như tranh vẽ

  • seek/ achieve a better/ healthy work-life balance :tìm/ đạt được sự cân bằng trong công việc-cuộc sống tốt hơn

  • live in a village/ the countryside/ an isolated area/ a rural backwater :sống trong một ngôi làng/ vùng quê/ một khu vực hẻo lánh/ một vùng nông thôn tù túng

  • enjoy the relaxed/ slower pace of life: yêu thích nhịp sống thanh thản/ chậm

  • need/ want to get back/ closer to nature :cần/ muốn trở về/ muốn đến với thiên nhiên

  • Catch a glimpse of= nhìn thấy một cảnh tượng gì đó

  • Enjoy a view = admire a view

  • sun-drenched,sandy beaches:những bãi biển đầy cát trắng và nắng

  • secluded beaches on the island: những bãi biển còn hoang sơ ở đảo

  • seek/ achieve a better/ healthy work-life balance :tìm/ đạt được sự cân bằng trong công việc-cuộc sống tốt hơn

  • downshift to a less stressful life :thay đổi thành lối sống ít áp lực hơn

  • vast meadows: những đồng cỏ rộng lớn

  • dense forests: rừng cây rậm rạp

  • wildlife preserve: khu bảo tồn thiên nhiên

  • adventurous visitors: du khách thích phiêu lưu

  • towering cliffs: những vách núi đá hùng vĩ

  • magnificent waterfalls: những thác nước tuyệt đẹp

  • summit: đỉnh núi

  • paddy field: đồng ruộng

  • rich pastures: những đồng cỏ chăn nuôi gia súc tươi tốt

  • shallow small ditches: những con rãnh nhỏ

  • Breathtaking scenery= cảnh đẹp đến ngạt thở, rất đẹp

  • Peaceful countryside = tranquil countryside = vùng nông thôn yên bình

  • Beach stretches = đường bờ biển, bãi biển

  • improve / raise residential living standards

  • The gradual migration of people from rural areas to urban ones will lead to the abandonment of agricultural land and the depopulation of the villages
  • The shorage of jobs in rural areas, along with young people’s need to pursue a career, are the two main reasons for rural depopulation
  • In search of a bright future, people are willing to move to overcrowded areas and join the competitive rat race 
  • People leave a healthier lifestyle behind at the expense of earning a higher salary 
  • Life in urban areas is far too stressful as compared to rural  life which is close to nature 
  • Find a decent profession equivalent to their qualifications and competence: Tìm được một ngành tốt xứng với bằng cấp và khả năng
  • To be lured into: bị dụ dỗ làm gì 
  • A sedentary lifestyle: lối sống ít vận động 
  • Be prone to negative feelings 
  • Recreational activities 
  • Offer a common living space for the whole family: tạo ra không gian sinh hoạt chung cho gia đình 
  • City dwellers: cư dân ở thành phố
  • Physically exhausting activities: những hoạt động tốn thể lực
  • The potential health risks of sedentary behaviours 
  • Not only population explosion but also migration from the countryside
  • Public transportation overload: hiện trạng quá tải phương tiện giao thông công cộng 
  • Adequate employment opportunities: đầy đủ cơ hội nghề nghiệp 
  • The enhancement of living standards = raise / improve residential living standards
  • Road maintenance costs: chi phí bảo trì đường —> the maintenance and enhancement of the infrastructure
  • Shoulder / bear the responsibility for the improvement of road systems
  • Facilitate a more comfortable journey for car users: tạo điều kiện cho người đi xe có những chuyến đi thoải mái
  • An efficient transport system: hệ thống giao thông hiệu quả 
  • Road infrastructure investment: đầu tư vào cơ sở đường xá
  • Have an undesirable influence on employment rates of commercial drivers: có ảnh hưởng không mong muốn đến tỉ lệ việc làm của tài xế thương mại
  • The increasing social burden placed upon the government
  • Tackle congested roads: giải quyết tắc đường
  • Alleviate the current travelling overload: giảm nhẹ tình trạng quá tải
  • Relieve the density of passengers on public vehicles: giảm thiểu sự đông đúc của hành khách trên phương tiện công cộng

Đề mẫu Topic này

Đề mẫu 1:

Nowadays cultures of different countries are becoming more similar than they used to be.
What are the reason? Is it a positive or a negative development? Give your own opinion and examples.

Đề mẫu 2

The rising levels of congestion and air pollution found in most of the world cities can be attributed directly to the rapidly increasing number of private cars in use. In order to reverse this decline in the quality of life in cities, attempts must be made to encourage people to use their cars less and public transport more.To what extent do you agree or disagree?

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