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IELTS VOCABULARIES TOPIC CITY & URBANIZATION này của IELTS TUTOR sẽ giúp em đạt IELTS 8.0 trong 3 nốt nhạc!

Học Vocabulary IELTS dễ hơn rất nhiều nhờ FlashcardVocabs

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· Vocabulary - Grammar,Writing

Rất nhiều thí sinh có kỹ năng nói rất tốt, nhưng điểm thi nói không được như mong đợi! một trong những nguyên nhân không thành công là: Họ thiếu từ vựng về chủ đề (Topic vocabulary) mà mình được yêu cầu trình bày

Urbanization/Countryside là một trong những chủ đề xuất hiện rất nhiều trong các đề thi nhiều năm nay không chỉ vì sự gần gũi và đa dạng, mà còn bao gồm vẻ đẹp các công trình vĩ đại của cả thiên nhiên lẫn con người. Hãy trang bị đủ vốn về chủ đề Urbanization/Countryside để "đáp chiêu" nhé


1) transport infrastructure = the basic structure on which a transport system is built and which makes it able to work
EX: Developing international tourism in this area may add to the burdens on the already-overburdened transport infrastructure.
2) road network= a large road system consisting of many similar parts that are connected together
EX: Some people complain that the quiet countryside has been ruined by road networks.
3) traffic bottleneck= a place where a road is narrow or blocked
EX: The traffic bottlenecks make goods transport difficult.
4) inch along= move very slowly
EX: The traffic was stalled and we inched along across the bridge.
5) be out of bounds to sb. = be a place you are not allowed to enter
EX: Certain areas are used for particular experiments and are therefore temporarily out of bounds; to the public.
6) bumper-to-bumper= ( of traffic) very close together and moving slowly
EX: A new study shows that the daily struggle of bumper-to-bumper traffic is getting worse.
7) the volume of traffic= the total amount of traffic
EX: The volume of traffic on the roads has increased dramatically.
8) traffic density= the amount of traffic in a place
EX: Aerial photos can show traffic density.
9) be jam-packed= full of people or things that are very close together
EX: The bus terminal was jam-packed with commuters.
10) commuter= someone who has to travel a long distance to work every day The bus was jam-packed with complaining commuters.

11) petrol= a liquid that is used to supply power to vehicles
EX: The report gives monthly summaries of regional petrol prices for the UK.
12) hybrid car= a car that uses two or more power sources
EX:These experts argue that a hybrid car is as reliable as any traditional car.
13) fuel consumption= the burning of coal, gas or oil to produce heat or power
EX:Driving at high speeds significantly increases your fuel consumption.
14) a gas guzzler = a car that is expensive to drive because it uses a lot of petrol
EX:Big cars tend to be gas guzzlers. Small cars are more fuel-efficient
15) reckless driving= driving without worrying about the possible results
EX:He was found guilty of reckless driving, fined heavily and disqualified from driving for three months.
16) drunk driving= unable to control someone’s own driving behaviour because he/she hasdrunk too much alcohol
EX:Drunk driving may cause bodily harm or death and thus should be legally prohibited.
17) impair a person’s driving ability= reduce one’s driving ability
EX:Even the smallest amount of alcohol in the blood can impair a person’s driving ability.
18) get somewhere safe and sound = get somewhere unharmed
EX:It was a difficult drive but we arrived home safe and sound.
19) twists and turns= a complicated situation or plan of action
EX:It was difficult to figure out the twists and turns in the plot
20) a free-for-all= a completely uncontrolled situation
EX:During the afternoon rush hour, the traffic was a messy free-for-all.
21) well-organised= well-arranged
aul changed from one project to another because his first job was not well-organised

22) at the intersection= at a place where roads join or cross each other
EX:One way of making sure that the pedestrians are safe is to increase signage at the intersections.
23) jam on the brakes =suddenly stop the car
EX:Chloe jammed on the brakes when the lights turned red.
24) go over the speed limit= drive a car faster than the fastest speed legally allowed
EX:Going over the speed limit is particularly dangerous when it snows.

1) under construction= being built
2) the construction industry= the building industry
3) be dilapidated= (of buildings) partly ruined or decayed
EX:The abandoned building looks dilapidated.
4) be a showcase for... = be the event or situation that makes it possible for the best features of sth. to be seen
EX:Buildings are showcases for the artistic achievement of citizens.
5) represent sth. = be typical of sth.
EX:This building is significant because its exterior represents an excellent example of the post-modem style of architecture.
6) central location= convenient for using shopping centres, theaters, etc.
What about the location? I t ’d be nice to be central.
7) imposing = large or powerful in appearance
Buckingham palace is an imposing building and is always surrounded by huge crowds of people.
8) elegant= with a pleasing and stylish appearance
EX:The Palace of Westminster is visually elegant.

9) light and airy= = bright and having plenty of fresh air=well ventilated= having plenty of fresh air
EX:The laboratory is spacious and well-ventilated.
10) be spacious = have a great deal of space inside
EX:Schools are usually modem in design and spacious inside.
11) be a very significant landmark= be an easily recognisable building
EX:This building is a very significant landmark in the neighbourhood.
12) be an eyesore=be a blot on the landscape= (of buildings) make a place less attractive
EX:Timothy thinks that outlandish-looking building is a blot on the landscape
13) commercial building= a building that is used for business activities
EX:The project aims to improve the energy efficiency of commercial buildings
14) residential building= a building that is used for dwelling purposes
EX:They are conducting research on the energy consumed in residential buildings
15) theme park= a park that contains a wide variety of rides and shows
EX:The young couple got great fun and enjoyment by visiting the popular theme parks
16) convert sth. into... = cause sth. to change in form
EX:It’s now in the process o f being converted into a film museum.

a significant feature of modern life
the tempo (or pace) of life accelerate v.
the current (or present) situation; the status quo
intense (or keen/stiff/fierce) competition workplace n.
job (or employment) opportunities
career path
career prospect
job-hopping n.
job hopper
colleague n.
workaholic n.
recruit v.
labour (or labor) pool
operating costs/overhead costs
pursue maximum profit
laissez-faire management
productive adj.
counterproductive adj.
productivity n.
telecommute v.
telecommuting n.
create alienation between people
alienated adj.

alienate v.
fatigue n.& v.
fatigued adj.
depression n.
materialistic adj.
money-worshipping/mercenary adj.
sedentary lifestyle
sedentary adj.
obesity n.
obese adj.
high-fat adj.
calorie n.
over nourishment n.
nourishing/nutritious/alible adj.
nutrient(s) n.
nutrition n.
recipe n.
the increasing availability of convenience food
availability n.
processed food
sophisticated ready-prepared microwavable
home-cooked meals

Traditional foods are an important aspect of
culture and social life.

quality family time
entertainment/diversion/recreation/amusement n.
leisure n.
wellbeing n.
welfare n. (e.g. welfare system)
urbanisation (or urbanization )
metropolis n.
metropolitan adj.
cosmopolitan adj. (e.g. a cosmopolitan city
population growth
population explosion (or boom)
family planning/birth control
population density
demographics n.
vernacular dwellings
vernacular adj.
suburb n.
the gap between the urban area and rural area;
the disparity between the city and
the countryside
eliminate v.
affluent/wealthy/well-off adj.

needy/poverty-stricken/impoverished/deprived/indigent/destitute adj
poverty alleviation
impede/hinder/hamper/obstruct/inhibit v.
have access to
function n.
superior adj.
inferior adj.
architecture n.
exterior n.
interior n.
rundown/decrepit/rickety/dilapidated adj.
tear down/knock down/demolish/raze v.
relocate v.
old buildings of special aesthetic value
buildings of historic significance
high-rise building(s)
skyscraper(s) n.
concrete jungle
raise the utilisation rate of land
beautify the cities/better the cityscape
cityscape n.
mass car ownership
rising car ownership

VOCABULARIES Topic Countrysides

  1. be surrounded by open/ pucturesque countryside : được bao quanh bởi vùng quê rộng rãi/ như tranh vẽ

  2. Catch sight of somebody= nhìn thấy, bắt gặp ai đó

  3. seek/ achieve a better/ healthy work-life balance :tìm/ đạt được sự cân bằng trong công việc-cuộc sống tốt hơn

  4. live in a village/ the countryside/ an isolated area/ a rural backwater :sống trong một ngôi làng/ vùng quê/ một khu vực hẻo lánh/ một vùng nông thôn tù túng

  5. enjoy the relaxed/ slower pace of life: yêu thích nhịp sống thanh thản/ chậm

  6. need/ want to get back/ closer to nature :cần/ muốn trở về/ muốn đến với thiên nhiên

  7. Catch a glimpse of= nhìn thấy một cảnh tượng gì đó

  8. Enjoy a view = admire a view

  9. sun-drenched,sandy beaches:những bãi biển đầy cát trắng và nắng

  10. secluded beaches on the island: những bãi biển còn hoang sơ ở đảo

  11. seek/ achieve a better/ healthy work-life balance :tìm/ đạt được sự cân bằng trong công việc-cuộc sống tốt hơn

  12. downshift to a less stressful life :thay đổi thành lối sống ít áp lực hơn

  13. live off/ farm the land :sống nhờ/ trồng trọt chăn nuôi trên mảnh đất

  14. vast meadows: những đồng cỏ rộng lớn

  15. dense forests: rừng cây rậm rạp

  16. wildlife preserve: khu bảo tồn thiên nhiên

  17. adventerous visitors: du khách thích phiêu lưu

  18. towering cliffs: những vách núi đá hùng vĩ

  19. magnificent waterfalls: những thác nước tuyệt đẹp

  20. summit: đỉnh núi

  21. paddy field: đồng ruộng

  22. rich pastures: những đồng cỏ chăn nuôi gia súc tươi tốt

  23. shallow small ditches: những con rãnh nhỏ

  24. duck pond: hồ nuôi vịt

  25. Breathtaking scenery= cảnh đẹp đến ngạt thở, rất đẹp

26. Peaceful countryside = tranquil countryside = vùng nông thôn yên bình

27. Beach stretches = đường bờ biển, bãi biển


Source: IELTS Fighter

  • Find a decent profession equivalent to their qualifications and competence: Tìm được một ngành tốt xứng với bằng cấp và khả năng
VOCABULARIES Topic Countrysides
VOCABULARIES Topic Countrysides
VOCABULARIES Topic Countrysides

Đề mẫu Topic này

Đề mẫu 1:

Nowadays cultures of different countries are becoming more similar than they used to be.
What are the reason? Is it a positive or a negative development? Give your own opinion and examples.

*Đề mẫu 2:

Many countries now have people from different cultures and ethnic groups. What is the reason for this? Is it a positive or negative development?

Đề mẫu 3

The rising levels of congestion and air pollution found in most of the world cities can be attributed directly to the rapidly increasing number of private cars in use. In order to reverse this decline in the quality of life in cities, attempts must be made to encourage people to use their cars less and public transport more.To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Nếu ví cuộc thi IELTS như một tòa nhà thì VOCABULARY chính là những viên gạch vững chắc xây lên tòa nhà đó. Vì vậy tích lũy từ vựng siêu tốc luôn làm các thí sinh băn khoăn nhất. Tuy nhiên với phương pháp học cùng FLASHCARD đã giúp rất nhiều học sinh đạt được 7.0 IELTS chỉ trong vòng vài tháng. Tìm hiểu thêm cách học với FLASHCARD theo chủ đề về như

Ngoài ra IELTS TUTOR mang đến một cẩm nang đầy đủ về bí quyết tự học IELTS hiệu quả qua những bí quyết trong Hướng Dẫn Tự Học IELTS LISTENING cho người Mới Bắt Đầu từ A-Z [Updated-2018], cũng như cách phân loại FLASHCARD về động từ 3 Loại FLASHCARD SYNONYM tập trung Động Từ Sĩ Tử IELTS Nên dùng nếu Đang Gặp Khó Khăn trong Paraphrase IELTS và hướng dẫn áp dụng theo chuẩn quốc tế tại IELTS Phrasal Verb Từ A đến Z: Flashcards, Danh Sách Phrasal Verb Theo Chủ Đề & Bài Tập Áp Dụng

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